Convergence in science: growth and structure of worldwide scientific output 1993-2008

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

We examine if the globalisation of science is accompanied by convergence in the level and structure of scientific output. We use Web of Science data on the scientific output of 205 countries for 1993, 2000, and 2008, distinguished by subject area. We found evidence of absolute and conditional β-convergence and σ-convergence in levels of scientific output, particularly after 2000. The data also show that the portfolios of the majority of the world's science systems are becoming more similar. This convergence of portfolios occurs in convergence clubs rather than as a global process. Exploratory factor analysis shows that countries cluster into eight discrete convergence clubs and perhaps only two: the 'haves' and 'have-nots'. Dynamic shift-share analysis reveals that growth is a normal phenomenon, output composition is only really an issue in the former Soviet Republics (negative) and the LDCs (positive) after 2000, and comparative advantages is where convergence clubs differentiate strongest. The ability of countries to improve local conditions and escape the strictures of their portfolio depends on the interplay of forces along two dimensions. between short-term dynamics and long-term stability and between the complexity of science and the predominance of national policies and institutions. Understanding the design and functioning of a science system in all its complexity is crucial to survive in a world of different speeds with intense competition and persistent gaps between rich and poor. For scientists and policy makers alike, selecting the right science portfolio and knowing the competition are key issues. © 2011 IEEE.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2011 Atlanta conference on science and innovation policy
PublisherIEEE
Pages1-19
ISBN (Print)9781457713903
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event2011 Atlanta conference on science and innovation policy -
Duration: 15 Sep 201119 Sep 2011

Conference

Conference2011 Atlanta conference on science and innovation policy
Period15/09/1119/09/11

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science
clubs
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factor analysis
globalization
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evidence

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Horlings, E. ; van den Besselaar, P.A.A. / Convergence in science: growth and structure of worldwide scientific output 1993-2008. 2011 Atlanta conference on science and innovation policy. IEEE, 2011. pp. 1-19
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title = "Convergence in science: growth and structure of worldwide scientific output 1993-2008",
abstract = "We examine if the globalisation of science is accompanied by convergence in the level and structure of scientific output. We use Web of Science data on the scientific output of 205 countries for 1993, 2000, and 2008, distinguished by subject area. We found evidence of absolute and conditional β-convergence and σ-convergence in levels of scientific output, particularly after 2000. The data also show that the portfolios of the majority of the world's science systems are becoming more similar. This convergence of portfolios occurs in convergence clubs rather than as a global process. Exploratory factor analysis shows that countries cluster into eight discrete convergence clubs and perhaps only two: the 'haves' and 'have-nots'. Dynamic shift-share analysis reveals that growth is a normal phenomenon, output composition is only really an issue in the former Soviet Republics (negative) and the LDCs (positive) after 2000, and comparative advantages is where convergence clubs differentiate strongest. The ability of countries to improve local conditions and escape the strictures of their portfolio depends on the interplay of forces along two dimensions. between short-term dynamics and long-term stability and between the complexity of science and the predominance of national policies and institutions. Understanding the design and functioning of a science system in all its complexity is crucial to survive in a world of different speeds with intense competition and persistent gaps between rich and poor. For scientists and policy makers alike, selecting the right science portfolio and knowing the competition are key issues. {\circledC} 2011 IEEE.",
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Horlings, E & van den Besselaar, PAA 2011, Convergence in science: growth and structure of worldwide scientific output 1993-2008. in 2011 Atlanta conference on science and innovation policy. IEEE, pp. 1-19, 2011 Atlanta conference on science and innovation policy, 15/09/11. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACSIP.2011.6064471

Convergence in science: growth and structure of worldwide scientific output 1993-2008. / Horlings, E.; van den Besselaar, P.A.A.

2011 Atlanta conference on science and innovation policy. IEEE, 2011. p. 1-19.

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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