Cooperation, communalism and individualism: rural development and land settlement schemes in Jamaica and Fiji

M. Sofer, I. Drori

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The experiences of rural development strategy in the form of land settlement schemes are presented for two developing island states - Jamaica and Fiji. The Jamaican case shows the transformation process of a cooperative settlement scheme, based on a shift from collectivism to a group-farming form of production. The Fijian case presents the shift to individualism which occurred in the production system of a communal village. Both cases started as state-initiated projects and in time became unsuccessful because of what can be characterized as a top-bottom approach to project implementation. After the scheme was transformed, goals were redefined by the settlers, and different principles which better suited both local conditions and settlers' expectations were applied. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-215
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Rural Cooperation
Volume21
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1993

Fingerprint

individualism
Jamaica
Melanesia
rural development
island state
collectivism
development strategy
production system
village
experience
Group
land
co-operation
project
time

Cite this

@article{0609d2e22fec4cb6aef7f84223f5af71,
title = "Cooperation, communalism and individualism: rural development and land settlement schemes in Jamaica and Fiji",
abstract = "The experiences of rural development strategy in the form of land settlement schemes are presented for two developing island states - Jamaica and Fiji. The Jamaican case shows the transformation process of a cooperative settlement scheme, based on a shift from collectivism to a group-farming form of production. The Fijian case presents the shift to individualism which occurred in the production system of a communal village. Both cases started as state-initiated projects and in time became unsuccessful because of what can be characterized as a top-bottom approach to project implementation. After the scheme was transformed, goals were redefined by the settlers, and different principles which better suited both local conditions and settlers' expectations were applied. -from Authors",
author = "M. Sofer and I. Drori",
year = "1993",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "191--215",
journal = "Journal of Rural Cooperation",
issn = "0377-7480",
publisher = "Hebrew University",
number = "2",

}

Cooperation, communalism and individualism : rural development and land settlement schemes in Jamaica and Fiji. / Sofer, M.; Drori, I.

In: Journal of Rural Cooperation, Vol. 21, No. 2, 1993, p. 191-215.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cooperation, communalism and individualism

T2 - rural development and land settlement schemes in Jamaica and Fiji

AU - Sofer, M.

AU - Drori, I.

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - The experiences of rural development strategy in the form of land settlement schemes are presented for two developing island states - Jamaica and Fiji. The Jamaican case shows the transformation process of a cooperative settlement scheme, based on a shift from collectivism to a group-farming form of production. The Fijian case presents the shift to individualism which occurred in the production system of a communal village. Both cases started as state-initiated projects and in time became unsuccessful because of what can be characterized as a top-bottom approach to project implementation. After the scheme was transformed, goals were redefined by the settlers, and different principles which better suited both local conditions and settlers' expectations were applied. -from Authors

AB - The experiences of rural development strategy in the form of land settlement schemes are presented for two developing island states - Jamaica and Fiji. The Jamaican case shows the transformation process of a cooperative settlement scheme, based on a shift from collectivism to a group-farming form of production. The Fijian case presents the shift to individualism which occurred in the production system of a communal village. Both cases started as state-initiated projects and in time became unsuccessful because of what can be characterized as a top-bottom approach to project implementation. After the scheme was transformed, goals were redefined by the settlers, and different principles which better suited both local conditions and settlers' expectations were applied. -from Authors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027748164&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027748164&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 191

EP - 215

JO - Journal of Rural Cooperation

JF - Journal of Rural Cooperation

SN - 0377-7480

IS - 2

ER -