Coping with a Quranic truth claim: Muslim hermeneutics of knowledge and pluralism

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Since the latter half of the cetwentieth nrtuy, Western philosophers of religion and scholars of religion were vehemently preoccupied with the question of religious truth claims and how to evaluate a Christian theological view of other religious traditions. This resulted in the standardization of inclusivism, exclusivism and pluralism as distinct universal approaches to the truth claim predicament. Employing Quranic exegesis, hermeneutics and semantics of core Islamic concepts, this paper offers a critique of this standardized typology as less relevant to the Muslim perspective of religious diversity. Based on an Islamic view of the relativity of human knowledge and the centrality of a revelatory epistemic premise, this typology would hardly be akin to a Muslim traditional perspective. The Quran defines the boundaries between the Islamic truth claim, salvific exclusion and the ethical codes for Muslims to tackle a mundane context that is ab initio diverse. It will be argued that an Islamic pluralistic view, as delineated from the Quran, supersedes the dilemma of religious truth claims and seeks realistic ethical regulations to deal with religious otherness.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInterreligious studies and intercultural theology
Issue number1
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021


  • Quran, truth claim, tawḥīd, epistemic relativism, exclusivism, pluralism, soteriology, tolerance.

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