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The study of the nature, structure, origin, and causes of the cosmos (i.e. universal ‘order’) or universe. It covers cosmogony, myths describing the origin of the cosmos; philosophical cosmology, some part of physics and metaphysics; scientific cosmology, which includes astronomy, and is part of applied mathematics; and cosmography, descriptions, often encyclopedic, of the regions of the cosmos. The dominant cosmological view in Late Antiquity is that of a unique, finite, animated, and geocentric cosmos, with an immobile spherical earth surrounded by seven planetary spheres moving in uniform orbs.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity
EditorsOliver Nicholson
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherOxford University press
Number of pages1
ISBN (Electronic)9780191744457
ISBN (Print)9780198662778
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

2 volumes.


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