Counterfactual Success Again: Response to Carter and Kramer

Keith Dowding, Martin Van Hees

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


We would like to thank Ian Carter and Matthew Kramer for their challenging reply to our recent article. Dowding and van Hees (2007) is one of a series of articles in which we try to address measurement issues with regard to individual freedom. Our aim is to provide a conception of freedom that will eventually yield a way of measuring the relative freedom of groups of people within a society and a relative measure of freedom across societies. In doing so, we draw upon the important work of Carter (1999) and Kramer (2003), but as should be clear, we also depart from it in several respects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-103
Number of pages7
JournalEconomics and Philosophy
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008


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