Creating and Validating a Shortened Version of the Community Balance and Mobility Scale for Application in People Who Are 61 to 70 Years of Age

Katharina Gordt, A Stefanie Mikolaizak, Kristin Taraldsen, Ronny Bergquist, Jeanine M Van Ancum, Corinna Nerz, Mirjam Pijnappels, Andrea B Maier, Jorunn L Helbostad, Beatrix Vereijken, Clemens Becker, Michael Schwenk

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BACKGROUND: The Community Balance & Mobility Scale (CBM) was shown to be reliable and valid for detecting subtle balance and mobility deficits in people who are 61 to 70 years of age. However, item redundancy and assessment time call for a shortened version.

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to create and validate a shortened version of the CBM (s-CBM) without detectable loss of psychometric properties.

DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study.

METHODS: Exploratory factor analysis with data from 189 young seniors (66.3±2.5, 61-70 years) was used to create the s-CBM. Sixty-one young seniors (66.5±2.6, 61-70 years) were recruited to assess construct validity (Pearson correlation coefficient) by comparing the CBM-versions with Fullerton Advance Balance Scale, Timed Up-and-Go, habitual and fast gait speed, 8 Level Balance Scale, 3 meter tandem walk, and 30 seconds chair stand test. Internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha), ceiling effects, and discriminant validity (area under the curve (AUC)) between fallers and non-fallers, and self-reported high and low function (Late-Life Function & Disability Index) and balance confidence (Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale), respectively, were calculated.

RESULTS: The s-CBM, consisting of 4 items, correlated excellent with the CBM (r = 0.97). Correlations between s-CBM and other assessments (r = 0.07-0.72), and CBM and other assessments (r = 0.06-0.80) were statistically comparable in 90% of the correlations. Cronbach's alpha was.84 for the s-CBM, and.87 for the CBM. No CBM-version showed ceiling effects. Discriminative ability of the s-CBM was statistically comparable to the CBM (AUC = 0.66-0.75 vs AUC = 0.65-0.79).

LIMITATIONS: Longitudinal studies with larger samples should confirm the results and assess the responsiveness for detecting changes over time.

CONCLUSIONS: The psychometric properties of the s-CBM were similar to those of the CBM. The s-CBM can be recommended as a valid and quick balance and mobility assessment in young seniors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-191
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Therapy
Issue number1
Early online date3 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020


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