Vriendschappen tussen jong en oud in 25 Europese Landen

Translated title of the contribution: Cross-Age friendships in 25 European countries

Pearl A. Dykstra, Maria Fleischmann

Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review


This paper focuses on individual and country-level circumstances shaping friendships between young and old to gain insight into conditions for intergenerational solidarity. Using European Social Survey data, findings show that relatively few people have cross-Age friendships (18% of the young and 31% of the old). As predicted by the 'meeting principle', individuals who operate in settings where there are opportunities for meaningful interactions with people belonging to a different age group are more likely to have crossage friendships. As predicted by the 'disposition principle', individuals with more favourable feelings about other age groups are more likely to have cross-Age friendships. Neither the Active Ageing Index nor macro-level trust and individualism show significant associations with the likelihood of having cross-Age friendships. Apparently, conditions that bring generations together are meeting opportunities at the local level, underscoring the importance of decentralized initiatives aimed at increased contact and co-operation across age groups.

Translated title of the contributionCross-Age friendships in 25 European countries
Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)107-131
Number of pages25
JournalMens en Maatschappij
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Active ageing
  • Age segregation
  • Ageism
  • Friendship
  • Intergenerational solidarity


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