Cross-cultural differences in object recognition: Comparing asylum seekers from Sub-Saharan Africa and a matched Western European control group

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Nowadays, more and more people report about their memories in cross-cultural contexts. In international criminal settings and asylum procedures, object recognition tests can provide valuable information, for example, about weapons used during a crime or landmarks from the claimed region of origin. This study was the first to compare object recognition performance by asylum seekers from Sub-Saharan Africa to a matched Western European control group. African participants performed worse than European participants on perceptual tests involving transformations from two- to three-dimensional representations, but both groups performed equally well on an object recognition test that involved transformation from three- to two-dimensional representations. However, African participants were significantly more likely to respond “yes” on the recognition test (i.e., an acquiescence response style) than European participants. Our findings elucidate cultural differences in responding on an object recognition test. Judges, juries, and immigration officials would be wise to take these differences into account when evaluating recognition performance in cross-cultural contexts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-473
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Cognitive Psychology
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018

Fingerprint

Refugees
Africa South of the Sahara
Control Groups
Weapons
Emigration and Immigration
Crime
Recognition (Psychology)
Control Group
Object Recognition
Cross-cultural Differences
Asylum Seekers
Sub-Saharan Africa

Keywords

  • asylum seekers
  • cross-cultural psychology
  • eyewitness memory
  • object recognition
  • signal detection theory

Cite this

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Cross-cultural differences in object recognition : Comparing asylum seekers from Sub-Saharan Africa and a matched Western European control group. / de Bruïne, Gabi; Vredeveldt, Annelies; van Koppen, Peter J.

In: Applied Cognitive Psychology, Vol. 32, No. 4, 01.07.2018, p. 463-473.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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