Cross-Disorder Genome-Wide Analyses Suggest a Complex Genetic Relationship Between Tourette's Syndrome and OCD

D.M. Yu, C.A. Mathews, J.M. Scharf, B.M. Neale, L.K. Davis, E.R. Gamazon, E.M. Derks, P. Evans, C.K. Edlund, J. Crane, L. Osiecki, P. Gallagher, G. Gerber, S. Haddad, C. Illmann, L.M. McGrath, C. Mayerfeld, S. Arepalli, C. Barlassina, C.L. BarrL. Bellodi, F. Benarroch, G.B. Berrio, O.J. Bienvenu, D.W. Black, M.H. Bloch, H. Brentani, R.D. Bruun, C.L. Budman, B. Camarena, D.D. Campbell, C. Cappi, J.C.C. Silgado, M.C. Cavallini, D.A. Chavira, S. Chouinard, E.H. Cook, M.R. Cookson, V. Coric, B. Cullen, D. Cusi, R. Delorme, D. Denys, Y. Dion, V. Eapen, K. Egberts, P. Falkai, T. Fernandez, E. Fournier, H. Garrido, D. Geller, D.L. Gilbert, S.L. Girard, H.J. Grabe, M.A. Grados, B.D. Greenberg, V. Gross-Tsur, E. Grunblatt, J. Hardy, G.A. Heiman, S.M.J. Hemmings, L.D. Herrera, D.M. Hezel, P.J. Hoekstra, J. Jankovic, J.L. Kennedy, R.A. King, A.I. Konkashbaev, B. Kremeyer, R. Kurlan, N. Lanzagorta, M. Leboyer, J.F. Leckman, L. Lennertz, C.Y. Liu, C. Lochner, T.L. Lowe, S. Lupoli, F. Macciardi, W. Maier, P. Manunta, M. Marconi, J.T. McCracken, S.C.M. Restrepo, R. Moessner, P. Moorjani, J. Morgan, H. Muller, D.L. Murphy, A.L. Naarden, E. Nurmi, W.C. Ochoa, R. A. Ophoff, A.J. Pakstis, M.T. Pato, C.N. Pato, J. Piacentini, C. Pittenger, Y. Pollak, J.H. Smit, D. Posthuma, N.J. Cox, D.L. Pauls

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and Tourette's syndrome are highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorders that are thought to share genetic risk factors. However, the identi fication of definitive susceptibility genes for these etiologically complex disorders remains elusive. The authors report a combined genome-wide association study (GWAS) of Tourette's syndrome and OCD. Method: The authors conducted aGWAS in 2,723 cases (1,310 with OCD, 834 with Tourette's syndrome, 579 with OCD plus Tourette's syndrome/chronic tics), 5,667 ancestry-matched controls, and 290 OCD parent-child trios. GWAS summary statistics were examined for enrichment of functional variants associated with gene expression levels in brain regions. Polygenic score analyses were conducted to investigate the genetic architecture within and across the two disorders. Results: Although no individual single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) achieved genome-wide signi ficance, the GWAS signals were enriched for SNPs strongly associated with variations in brain gene expression levels (expression quantitative loci, or eQTLs), suggesting the presence of true functional variants that contribute to risk of these disorders. Polygenic score analyses identified a significant polygenic component for OCD (p=2x10
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-93
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Volume172
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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