Gathering training and evaluation data for open domain tasks, such as general question answering, is a challenging task. Typically, ground truth data is provided by human expert annotators, however, in an open domain experts are difficult to define. Moreover, the overall process for annotating examples can be lengthy and expensive. Naturally, crowdsourcing has become a mainstream approach for filling this gap, i.e. gathering human interpretation data. However, similar to the traditional expert annotation tasks, most of those methods use majority voting to measure the quality of the annotations and thus aim at identifying a single right answer for each example, despite the fact that many annotation tasks can have multiple interpretations, which results in multiple correct answers to the same question. We present a crowdsourcing-based approach for efficiently gathering ground truth data called CrowdTruth, where disagreement-based metrics are used to harness the multitude of human interpretation and measure the quality of the resulting ground truth. We exemplify our approach in two semantic interpretation use cases for answering questions.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the ACM WebScience conference|
|Place of Publication||Oxford|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
|Event||WebSci ’15 - Oxford|
Duration: 28 Jun 2015 → 1 Jul 2015
|Period||28/06/15 → 1/07/15|