Background: SecA targets preproteins to the protein-conducting channel in bacteria. Results: Both the single and double copies of SecA bind to the 70S ribosome. Conclusion: Two copies of SecA completely surround the polypeptide tunnel exit. Significance: The structures suggest a function of the dimeric form of SecA on the ribosome. © 2014 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.