MUHAFAZA ORMANLARININ KENT ORMANCILIĞINA SAĞLADIĞI KÜLTÜREL EKOSİSTEM HİZMETLERİ

Translated title of the contribution: CULTURAL ECOSYSTEM SERVICES PROVIDED BY PROTECTION FORESTS FOR URBAN FORESTRY

Erdogan Atmis, Beste Duman

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademic

Abstract

The protection forest concept was first mentioned on the forestry legislation in 1924. But, the first protection
forest, Belgrad Protection Forest, has been established in the 1950s. There are 55 protection forests in Turkey’s
different geographical regions. These forests have different functions such as the positive effects on the water
cycle, the protection of soil and soil fertility, and the positive effects on the health, climate and carbon cycle,
except for the production of wood raw materials. Protection forests have unfortunately lost their importance
today. The protection forests have been transformed into areas used for non-forestry benefits, mostly for
commercial water production, mining, etc., except for social purposes. However, there is a need for a new
understanding that is governed by urban forestry and green infrastructure concepts that will manage the
protection forests to meet the needs of the rapidly growing urban population. In this study, one of the important
tools of urban forestry management in Turkey with protection forests, cultural ecosystem services it provides to
urban forestry and green infrastructure, the selected 10 sample protection forest has attempted to identify. In the
selection of the samples protection forests, attention was paid to represent each of the criteria for permanent and
temporary protection forest. According to the findings of the study, protection forests offer important cultural
ecosystem services to the society by contributing to the environment and human health, strengthening the social
ties and establishing the ties between man and nature. The establishment purposes of examined protected forest
and the ecosystem services they provide are:
 Positively affecting the health of cities and the environment,
 Serving the development of the area in terms of tourism through protection of natural of life,
 Keeping the housing development and industrialization under control,
 Protecting the forests more effectively and preventing the environmental pollution,
 Contributing to the protection of water basins by preventing the pollution and clogging of lakes, which are the
source of drinking water for the cities,
 Offering the public recreation service,
 Being an area for research and training for the Faculty of Forestry,
 Preventing the clogging of beaches, rivers, railways, and highways by erosion.
Considering that the protection forests are an important tool for urban forestry and green infrastructure
applications, studies should be carried out to develop a management approach that will manage the protection
forests according to their real establishment objectives and to diversify the ecosystem services it provides.
Translated title of the contribution CULTURAL ECOSYSTEM SERVICES PROVIDED BY PROTECTION FORESTS FOR URBAN FORESTRY
Original languageTurkish
Pages (from-to)108-116
JournalJournal of Natural and Applied Sciences
Volume1
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2018

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