Cultural phenomena believed to be associated with Orthorexia nervosa - Opinion study in dutch health professionals

Elena V. Syurina*, Zarah M. Bood, Frida V.M. Ryman, Seda Muftugil-Yalcin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Orthorexia Nervosa (ON) is a newly coined eating pattern which disproportionately affects Western countries. Research on the matter is scarce. This study aimed to investigate how the Dutch (mental) health professionals evaluate the influence of "Western culture" on the development of ON. This mixed methods study included interviews (n = 15) and a questionnaire (n = 157). The extent of influence of the "Western culture" was suggested to be quite high, with a score of 74 out of 100. The factors believed to affect Orthorexia included societal transitions (epidemiological and welfare) and cultural ideas (body ideal and control over life) which, in turn, are influenced by the internet and media. In addition, it was noted that ON is unique among the eating disorders since it does not carry the negative connotations of anorexia or obesity associated with "losing control." The findings suggest that "Western culture" contributes to the establishment of a high-risk environment for the development of behaviors associated with ON.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1419
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume9
Issue numberSeptember
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Eating disorders
  • Health professionals
  • Media
  • Mixed methods research
  • Orthorexia nervosa
  • Western culture

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