Cultural universals and cultural differences in meta-norms about peer punishment

Kimmo Eriksson, Pontus Strimling, Per A. Andersson, Mark Aveyard, Markus Brauer, Vladimir Gritskov, Toko Kiyonari, David M. Kuhlman, Angela T. Maitner, Zoi Manesi, Catherine Molho, L.S. Peperkoorn, Muhammad Rizwan, Adam W. Stivers, Qirui Tian, P.A.M. van Lange, Irina Vartanova, Junhui Wu, Toshio Yamagishi

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Violators of cooperation norms may be informally punished by their peers.
How such norm enforcement is judged by others can be regarded as a meta-norm (i.e., a
second-order norm). We examined whether meta-norms about peer punishment vary
across cultures by having students in eight countries judge animations in which an agent
who over-harvested a common resource was punished either by a single peer or by the
entire peer group. Whether the punishment was retributive or restorative varied between
two studies, and findings were largely consistent across these two types of punishment.
Across all countries, punishment was judged as more appropriate when implemented by
the entire peer group than by an individual. Differences between countries were revealed
in judgments of punishers vs. non-punishers. Specifically, appraisals of punishers were
relatively negative in three Western countries and Japan, and more neutral in Pakistan,
UAE, Russia, and China, consistent with the influence of individualism, power distance,
and/or indulgence. Our studies constitute a first step in mapping how meta-norms vary
around the globe, demonstrating both cultural universals and cultural differences.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)851–870
Number of pages20
JournalManagement and Organization Review
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Cultural differences
Punishment
Peers
Peer group
Japan
China
Russia
Enforcement
Pakistan
Globe
Country differences
Resources
United Arab Emirates
Power distance
Animation
Individualism

Keywords

  • cross-cultural research
  • individualism-collectivism
  • meta-norms
  • norm enforcement
  • peer punishment

Cite this

Eriksson, K., Strimling, P., Andersson, P. A., Aveyard, M., Brauer, M., Gritskov, V., ... Yamagishi, T. (2017). Cultural universals and cultural differences in meta-norms about peer punishment. Management and Organization Review, 13(4), 851–870. https://doi.org/10.1017/mor.2017.42
Eriksson, Kimmo ; Strimling, Pontus ; Andersson, Per A. ; Aveyard, Mark ; Brauer, Markus ; Gritskov, Vladimir ; Kiyonari, Toko ; Kuhlman, David M. ; Maitner, Angela T. ; Manesi, Zoi ; Molho, Catherine ; Peperkoorn, L.S. ; Rizwan, Muhammad ; Stivers, Adam W. ; Tian, Qirui ; van Lange, P.A.M. ; Vartanova, Irina ; Wu, Junhui ; Yamagishi, Toshio . / Cultural universals and cultural differences in meta-norms about peer punishment. In: Management and Organization Review. 2017 ; Vol. 13, No. 4. pp. 851–870.
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abstract = "Violators of cooperation norms may be informally punished by their peers.How such norm enforcement is judged by others can be regarded as a meta-norm (i.e., asecond-order norm). We examined whether meta-norms about peer punishment varyacross cultures by having students in eight countries judge animations in which an agentwho over-harvested a common resource was punished either by a single peer or by theentire peer group. Whether the punishment was retributive or restorative varied betweentwo studies, and findings were largely consistent across these two types of punishment.Across all countries, punishment was judged as more appropriate when implemented bythe entire peer group than by an individual. Differences between countries were revealedin judgments of punishers vs. non-punishers. Specifically, appraisals of punishers wererelatively negative in three Western countries and Japan, and more neutral in Pakistan,UAE, Russia, and China, consistent with the influence of individualism, power distance,and/or indulgence. Our studies constitute a first step in mapping how meta-norms varyaround the globe, demonstrating both cultural universals and cultural differences.",
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Eriksson, K, Strimling, P, Andersson, PA, Aveyard, M, Brauer, M, Gritskov, V, Kiyonari, T, Kuhlman, DM, Maitner, AT, Manesi, Z, Molho, C, Peperkoorn, LS, Rizwan, M, Stivers, AW, Tian, Q, van Lange, PAM, Vartanova, I, Wu, J & Yamagishi, T 2017, 'Cultural universals and cultural differences in meta-norms about peer punishment' Management and Organization Review, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 851–870. https://doi.org/10.1017/mor.2017.42

Cultural universals and cultural differences in meta-norms about peer punishment. / Eriksson, Kimmo ; Strimling, Pontus ; Andersson, Per A. ; Aveyard, Mark ; Brauer, Markus ; Gritskov, Vladimir ; Kiyonari, Toko ; Kuhlman, David M. ; Maitner, Angela T. ; Manesi, Zoi; Molho, Catherine; Peperkoorn, L.S.; Rizwan, Muhammad ; Stivers, Adam W. ; Tian, Qirui ; van Lange, P.A.M.; Vartanova, Irina ; Wu, Junhui; Yamagishi, Toshio .

In: Management and Organization Review, Vol. 13, No. 4, 2017, p. 851–870.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Cultural universals and cultural differences in meta-norms about peer punishment

AU - Eriksson, Kimmo

AU - Strimling, Pontus

AU - Andersson, Per A.

AU - Aveyard, Mark

AU - Brauer, Markus

AU - Gritskov, Vladimir

AU - Kiyonari, Toko

AU - Kuhlman, David M.

AU - Maitner, Angela T.

AU - Manesi, Zoi

AU - Molho, Catherine

AU - Peperkoorn, L.S.

AU - Rizwan, Muhammad

AU - Stivers, Adam W.

AU - Tian, Qirui

AU - van Lange, P.A.M.

AU - Vartanova, Irina

AU - Wu, Junhui

AU - Yamagishi, Toshio

PY - 2017

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KW - individualism-collectivism

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KW - norm enforcement

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DO - 10.1017/mor.2017.42

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Eriksson K, Strimling P, Andersson PA, Aveyard M, Brauer M, Gritskov V et al. Cultural universals and cultural differences in meta-norms about peer punishment. Management and Organization Review. 2017;13(4):851–870. https://doi.org/10.1017/mor.2017.42