In this research, we identify different types of cyber intelligence networks and specify their unique characteristics. While existing research discusses intelligence cooperation in general terms or analyzes single case studies, we provide insight in the diversity of cyber intelligence networks in existence. Based on a qualitative study of cyber intelligence networks in the Netherlands, we identify four distinct types: centralized networks, business networks, operational networks, and local networks. These networks differ in terms of their history, activities, governance structure, communication frequency, goal consensus, member commitment, and perceived results. Based on the typology, we claim that the network type influences the challenges and outcomes of cyber intelligence cooperation. Next, we argue for an expanded focus on private sector engagement in these networks. Lastly, we advocate for incentivizing bottom-up cyber intelligence cooperation.
|Number of pages||21|
|Journal||International Journal of Intelligence, Security, and Public Affairs|
|Early online date||17 Apr 2019|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2019|