De roeping door het evangelie

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According to a common view, the doctrine of the divine calling to salvation –along with the distinction between the outward calling and the inward or effectual calling – is specific for the Reformed tradition. This article, however, argues that the distinction is a catholic one, because it is rooted in the New Testament and from Augustine onward was common in Medieval theology. The early Reformation saw the calling as a proclamation of the Gospel – together with the Law – and emphasized the proclamation of the promises in the form of absolution for the true believers. In the polemics on predestination Calvinincreasingly stressed the inner work of the Spirit as mark of election. Reformed Orthodoxy defined the inner calling as an effectual calling; the work of the Spirit is essentially the effect of the preaching of the gospel. In the later pietistic understanding the duplex vocatio became intertwined with the modern distinction between subject and object.
Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)23-40
Number of pages18
JournalTheologia Reformata
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018


  • Call
  • Vocatio
  • Abraham Hellenbroek (1658- 1731)

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