Deceptive news: Characteristics of untrustworthy news items

Research output: Contribution to ConferencePosterAcademic

Abstract

Trustworthiness is key in journalism, yet some journalists intentionally deceive their audiences by fabricating sources or inventing news stories altogether. Earlier research suggests that deceitful news articles have characteristics that are different from trustworthy news articles. We aimed to confirm and expand on the existing literature by examining the case of Perdiep Ramesar, an esteemed Dutch journalist until it was discovered in 2014 that sources were non-existing in 126 of his articles for national newspaper Trouw (‘Fidelity’). Using content analysis, we searched for systematic differences in source use and presentation comparing Ramesar’s deceptive news articles with two same-sized sets of reliable articles, 1) articles on similar topics from other journalists, and 2) articles with verifiable sources from Ramesar himself. Results indicate that compared to real news sources, fictitious sources are more often secondary definers, who are presented in more stereotypical ways and through more and longer direct quotations. Furthermore, negations and self-references occur more often in deceptive news articles.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 25 May 2019
Event69th Conference of the International Communication Association - Washington Hilton hotel, Washington, DC, United States
Duration: 24 May 201928 May 2019

Conference

Conference69th Conference of the International Communication Association
Abbreviated titleICA conference
CountryUnited States
CityWashington, DC
Period24/05/1928/05/19

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news
journalist
self-reference
trustworthiness
journalism
quotation
content analysis
newspaper

Cite this

Lagerwerf, L., Govaert, C. G., & Klemm, C. (2019). Deceptive news: Characteristics of untrustworthy news items. Poster session presented at 69th Conference of the International Communication Association, Washington, DC, United States.
Lagerwerf, L. ; Govaert, C.G. ; Klemm, C. / Deceptive news : Characteristics of untrustworthy news items. Poster session presented at 69th Conference of the International Communication Association, Washington, DC, United States.
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abstract = "Trustworthiness is key in journalism, yet some journalists intentionally deceive their audiences by fabricating sources or inventing news stories altogether. Earlier research suggests that deceitful news articles have characteristics that are different from trustworthy news articles. We aimed to confirm and expand on the existing literature by examining the case of Perdiep Ramesar, an esteemed Dutch journalist until it was discovered in 2014 that sources were non-existing in 126 of his articles for national newspaper Trouw (‘Fidelity’). Using content analysis, we searched for systematic differences in source use and presentation comparing Ramesar’s deceptive news articles with two same-sized sets of reliable articles, 1) articles on similar topics from other journalists, and 2) articles with verifiable sources from Ramesar himself. Results indicate that compared to real news sources, fictitious sources are more often secondary definers, who are presented in more stereotypical ways and through more and longer direct quotations. Furthermore, negations and self-references occur more often in deceptive news articles.",
author = "L. Lagerwerf and C.G. Govaert and C. Klemm",
year = "2019",
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note = "69th Conference of the International Communication Association, ICA conference ; Conference date: 24-05-2019 Through 28-05-2019",

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Lagerwerf, L, Govaert, CG & Klemm, C 2019, 'Deceptive news: Characteristics of untrustworthy news items' 69th Conference of the International Communication Association, Washington, DC, United States, 24/05/19 - 28/05/19, .

Deceptive news : Characteristics of untrustworthy news items. / Lagerwerf, L.; Govaert, C.G.; Klemm, C.

2019. Poster session presented at 69th Conference of the International Communication Association, Washington, DC, United States.

Research output: Contribution to ConferencePosterAcademic

TY - CONF

T1 - Deceptive news

T2 - Characteristics of untrustworthy news items

AU - Lagerwerf, L.

AU - Govaert, C.G.

AU - Klemm, C.

PY - 2019/5/25

Y1 - 2019/5/25

N2 - Trustworthiness is key in journalism, yet some journalists intentionally deceive their audiences by fabricating sources or inventing news stories altogether. Earlier research suggests that deceitful news articles have characteristics that are different from trustworthy news articles. We aimed to confirm and expand on the existing literature by examining the case of Perdiep Ramesar, an esteemed Dutch journalist until it was discovered in 2014 that sources were non-existing in 126 of his articles for national newspaper Trouw (‘Fidelity’). Using content analysis, we searched for systematic differences in source use and presentation comparing Ramesar’s deceptive news articles with two same-sized sets of reliable articles, 1) articles on similar topics from other journalists, and 2) articles with verifiable sources from Ramesar himself. Results indicate that compared to real news sources, fictitious sources are more often secondary definers, who are presented in more stereotypical ways and through more and longer direct quotations. Furthermore, negations and self-references occur more often in deceptive news articles.

AB - Trustworthiness is key in journalism, yet some journalists intentionally deceive their audiences by fabricating sources or inventing news stories altogether. Earlier research suggests that deceitful news articles have characteristics that are different from trustworthy news articles. We aimed to confirm and expand on the existing literature by examining the case of Perdiep Ramesar, an esteemed Dutch journalist until it was discovered in 2014 that sources were non-existing in 126 of his articles for national newspaper Trouw (‘Fidelity’). Using content analysis, we searched for systematic differences in source use and presentation comparing Ramesar’s deceptive news articles with two same-sized sets of reliable articles, 1) articles on similar topics from other journalists, and 2) articles with verifiable sources from Ramesar himself. Results indicate that compared to real news sources, fictitious sources are more often secondary definers, who are presented in more stereotypical ways and through more and longer direct quotations. Furthermore, negations and self-references occur more often in deceptive news articles.

M3 - Poster

ER -

Lagerwerf L, Govaert CG, Klemm C. Deceptive news: Characteristics of untrustworthy news items. 2019. Poster session presented at 69th Conference of the International Communication Association, Washington, DC, United States.