Decrease in ankle-foot dorsiflexion range of motion is related to increased knee flexion during gait in children with spastic cerebral palsy

J.C. Maas, P.A.J.B.M. Huijing, A.J. Dallmeijer, J. Harlaar, R.T. Jaspers, J.G. Becher

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    Purpose: To determine the effects of decreased ankle-foot dorsiflexion (A-Fdf) range of motion (ROM) on gait kinematics in children with spastic cerebral palsy (SCP). Methods: All participants were children with spastic cerebral palsy (n= 10) who walked with knee flexion in midstance. Data were collected over 2-5 sessions, at 3-monthly intervals. A-Fdf ROM was quantified using a custom-designed hand-held ankle dynamometer that exerted 4. Nm at the ankle. Ankle-foot and knee angles during gait were quantified on sagittal video recordings. Linear regression (cross-sectional analysis) and General Estimation Equation analysis (longitudinal analysis) were performed to assess relationships between (change in) A-Fdf ROM and (change in) ankle-foot and knee angle during gait. Results: Cross-sectional analysis showed a positive relationship between A-Fdf ROM and both ankle-foot angle in midstance and terminal swing. Longitudinal analysis showed a positive relationship between individual decreases in A-Fdf ROM and increases of knee flexion during gait (lowest knee angle in terminal stance and angle in terminal swing). Conclusion: For this subgroup of SCP children, our results indicate that while changes in ankle angles during gait are unrelated to changes in A-Fdf ROM, changes in knee angles are related to changes in A-Fdf ROM.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)339-346
    JournalJournal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
    Volume25
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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