This study examined the arm position sense in children with Spastic Hemiparetic Cerebral Palsy (SHCP) and typically developing children (TD) by means of a contralateral matching task. This task required participants to match the position of one arm with the position of the other arm for different target distances and from different starting positions. Results showed that children with SHCP exhibited with both arms larger matching errors than the TD group, but only when the distance between the arms at the start of the movement was large. In addition, the difference in errors between the less-impaired and the impaired limb changed as a function of the distance in the SHCP group whereas no interlimb differences were found in the TD group. Finally, spasticity and restricted range of motion in children with SHCP were not related to the proportion of undershoot and size of absolute error. This suggests that SHCP could be associated with sensory problems in conjunction with their motor problems. In conclusion, the current study showed that accurate matching of the arms is greatly impaired in SHCP when compared to TD children, irrespective of which arm is used. Moreover, this deficit is particularly present for large movement amplitudes. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Smorenburg, A. R. P., Ledebt, A., Deconinck, F. J., & Savelsbergh, G. J. P. (2012). Deficits in upper limb position sense of children with Spastic Hemiparetic Cerebral Palsy are distance-dependent. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 33(3), 971-981. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2012.01.006