Design and Experimental Evaluation of Distributed Heterogeneous Graph-Processing Systems

Yong Guo, Ana Lucia Varbanescu, Dick H.J. Epema, Alexandru Iosup

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review


Graph processing is increasingly used in a variety of domains, from engineering to logistics and from scientific computing to online gaming. To process graphs efficiently, GPU-enabled graph-processing systems such as TOTEM and Medusa exploit the GPU or the combined CPU+GPU capabilities of a single machine. Unlike scalable distributed CPU-based systems such as Pregel and GraphX, existing GPU-enabled systems are restricted to the resources of a single machine, including the limited amount of GPU memory, and thus cannot analyze the increasingly large-scale graphs we see in practice. To address this problem, we design and implement three families of distributed heterogeneous graph-processing systems that can use both the CPUs and GPUs of multiple machines. We further focus on graph partitioning, for which we compare existing graph-partitioning policies and a new policy specifically targeted at heterogeneity. We implement all our distributed heterogeneous systems based on the programming model of the single-machine TOTEM, to which we add (1) a new communication layer for CPUs and GPUs across multiple machines to support distributed graphs, and (2) a workload partitioning method that uses offline profiling to distribute the work on the CPUs and the GPUs. We conduct a comprehensive real-world performance evaluation for all three families. To ensure representative results, we select 3 typical algorithms and 5 datasets with different characteristics. Our results include algorithm run time, performance breakdown, scalability, graph partitioning time, and comparison with other graph-processing systems. They demonstrate the feasibility of distributed heterogeneous graph processing and show evidence of the high performance that can be achieved by combining CPUs and GPUs in a distributed environment.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE/ACM 16th International Symposium on Cluster, Cloud and Grid Computing, CCGrid 2016, Cartagena, Colombia, May 16-19, 2016
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781509024520
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event16th IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Cluster, Cloud, and Grid Computing, CCGrid 2016 - Cartagena, Colombia
Duration: 16 May 201619 May 2016


Conference16th IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Cluster, Cloud, and Grid Computing, CCGrid 2016


  • Distributed Heterogeneous Systems
  • Graph Processing


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