Detecting affiliation in colaughter across 24 societies

Gregory A. Bryant, Daniel M.T. Fessler, Riccardo Fusaroli, Edward Clint, Lene Aaroe, Coren L. Apicella, Michael Bang Petersen, Shaneikiah T. Bickham, Alexander Bolyanatz, Brenda Chavez, Delphine De Smet, Cinthya Diaz, Jana Fančovičova, Michal Fux, Paulina Giraldo-Perez, Anning Hu, Shanmukh V. Kamble, Tatsuya Kameda, Norman P. Li, Francesca R. Luberti & 13 others Pavol Prokop, Katinka Quintelier, Brooke A. Scelza, Hyun Jung Shin, Montserrat Soler, Stefan Stieger, Wataru Toyokawa, Ellis A. Van Den Hende, Hugo Viciana-Asensio, Saliha Elif Yildizhan, Jose C. Yong, Tessa Yuditha, Yi Zhou

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Laughter is a nonverbal vocal expression that often communicates positive affect and cooperative intent in humans. Temporally coincident laughter occurringwithin groups is a potentially rich cue of affiliation to overhearers. We examined listeners judgments of affiliation based on brief, decontextualized instances of colaughter between either established friends or recently acquainted strangers. In a sample of 966 participants from 24 societies, people reliably distinguished friends from strangers with an accuracy of 53-67%. Acoustic analyses of the individual laughter segments revealed that, across cultures, listeners judgments were consistently predicted by voicing dynamics, suggesting perceptual sensitivity to emotionally triggered spontaneous production. Colaughter affords rapid and accurate appraisals of affiliation that transcend cultural and linguistic boundaries, and may constitute a universal means of signaling cooperative relationships.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4682-4687
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume113
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes

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Laughter
Linguistics
Acoustics
Cues

Keywords

  • Cooperation
  • Cross-cultural
  • Laughter
  • Signaling
  • Vocalization

Cite this

Bryant, G. A., Fessler, D. M. T., Fusaroli, R., Clint, E., Aaroe, L., Apicella, C. L., ... Zhou, Y. (2016). Detecting affiliation in colaughter across 24 societies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113(17), 4682-4687. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1524993113
Bryant, Gregory A. ; Fessler, Daniel M.T. ; Fusaroli, Riccardo ; Clint, Edward ; Aaroe, Lene ; Apicella, Coren L. ; Petersen, Michael Bang ; Bickham, Shaneikiah T. ; Bolyanatz, Alexander ; Chavez, Brenda ; De Smet, Delphine ; Diaz, Cinthya ; Fančovičova, Jana ; Fux, Michal ; Giraldo-Perez, Paulina ; Hu, Anning ; Kamble, Shanmukh V. ; Kameda, Tatsuya ; Li, Norman P. ; Luberti, Francesca R. ; Prokop, Pavol ; Quintelier, Katinka ; Scelza, Brooke A. ; Shin, Hyun Jung ; Soler, Montserrat ; Stieger, Stefan ; Toyokawa, Wataru ; Van Den Hende, Ellis A. ; Viciana-Asensio, Hugo ; Yildizhan, Saliha Elif ; Yong, Jose C. ; Yuditha, Tessa ; Zhou, Yi. / Detecting affiliation in colaughter across 24 societies. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2016 ; Vol. 113, No. 17. pp. 4682-4687.
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abstract = "Laughter is a nonverbal vocal expression that often communicates positive affect and cooperative intent in humans. Temporally coincident laughter occurringwithin groups is a potentially rich cue of affiliation to overhearers. We examined listeners judgments of affiliation based on brief, decontextualized instances of colaughter between either established friends or recently acquainted strangers. In a sample of 966 participants from 24 societies, people reliably distinguished friends from strangers with an accuracy of 53-67{\%}. Acoustic analyses of the individual laughter segments revealed that, across cultures, listeners judgments were consistently predicted by voicing dynamics, suggesting perceptual sensitivity to emotionally triggered spontaneous production. Colaughter affords rapid and accurate appraisals of affiliation that transcend cultural and linguistic boundaries, and may constitute a universal means of signaling cooperative relationships.",
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Bryant, GA, Fessler, DMT, Fusaroli, R, Clint, E, Aaroe, L, Apicella, CL, Petersen, MB, Bickham, ST, Bolyanatz, A, Chavez, B, De Smet, D, Diaz, C, Fančovičova, J, Fux, M, Giraldo-Perez, P, Hu, A, Kamble, SV, Kameda, T, Li, NP, Luberti, FR, Prokop, P, Quintelier, K, Scelza, BA, Shin, HJ, Soler, M, Stieger, S, Toyokawa, W, Van Den Hende, EA, Viciana-Asensio, H, Yildizhan, SE, Yong, JC, Yuditha, T & Zhou, Y 2016, 'Detecting affiliation in colaughter across 24 societies' Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 113, no. 17, pp. 4682-4687. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1524993113

Detecting affiliation in colaughter across 24 societies. / Bryant, Gregory A.; Fessler, Daniel M.T.; Fusaroli, Riccardo; Clint, Edward; Aaroe, Lene; Apicella, Coren L.; Petersen, Michael Bang; Bickham, Shaneikiah T.; Bolyanatz, Alexander; Chavez, Brenda; De Smet, Delphine; Diaz, Cinthya; Fančovičova, Jana; Fux, Michal; Giraldo-Perez, Paulina; Hu, Anning; Kamble, Shanmukh V.; Kameda, Tatsuya; Li, Norman P.; Luberti, Francesca R.; Prokop, Pavol; Quintelier, Katinka; Scelza, Brooke A.; Shin, Hyun Jung; Soler, Montserrat; Stieger, Stefan; Toyokawa, Wataru; Van Den Hende, Ellis A.; Viciana-Asensio, Hugo; Yildizhan, Saliha Elif; Yong, Jose C.; Yuditha, Tessa; Zhou, Yi.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 113, No. 17, 26.04.2016, p. 4682-4687.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Detecting affiliation in colaughter across 24 societies

AU - Bryant, Gregory A.

AU - Fessler, Daniel M.T.

AU - Fusaroli, Riccardo

AU - Clint, Edward

AU - Aaroe, Lene

AU - Apicella, Coren L.

AU - Petersen, Michael Bang

AU - Bickham, Shaneikiah T.

AU - Bolyanatz, Alexander

AU - Chavez, Brenda

AU - De Smet, Delphine

AU - Diaz, Cinthya

AU - Fančovičova, Jana

AU - Fux, Michal

AU - Giraldo-Perez, Paulina

AU - Hu, Anning

AU - Kamble, Shanmukh V.

AU - Kameda, Tatsuya

AU - Li, Norman P.

AU - Luberti, Francesca R.

AU - Prokop, Pavol

AU - Quintelier, Katinka

AU - Scelza, Brooke A.

AU - Shin, Hyun Jung

AU - Soler, Montserrat

AU - Stieger, Stefan

AU - Toyokawa, Wataru

AU - Van Den Hende, Ellis A.

AU - Viciana-Asensio, Hugo

AU - Yildizhan, Saliha Elif

AU - Yong, Jose C.

AU - Yuditha, Tessa

AU - Zhou, Yi

PY - 2016/4/26

Y1 - 2016/4/26

N2 - Laughter is a nonverbal vocal expression that often communicates positive affect and cooperative intent in humans. Temporally coincident laughter occurringwithin groups is a potentially rich cue of affiliation to overhearers. We examined listeners judgments of affiliation based on brief, decontextualized instances of colaughter between either established friends or recently acquainted strangers. In a sample of 966 participants from 24 societies, people reliably distinguished friends from strangers with an accuracy of 53-67%. Acoustic analyses of the individual laughter segments revealed that, across cultures, listeners judgments were consistently predicted by voicing dynamics, suggesting perceptual sensitivity to emotionally triggered spontaneous production. Colaughter affords rapid and accurate appraisals of affiliation that transcend cultural and linguistic boundaries, and may constitute a universal means of signaling cooperative relationships.

AB - Laughter is a nonverbal vocal expression that often communicates positive affect and cooperative intent in humans. Temporally coincident laughter occurringwithin groups is a potentially rich cue of affiliation to overhearers. We examined listeners judgments of affiliation based on brief, decontextualized instances of colaughter between either established friends or recently acquainted strangers. In a sample of 966 participants from 24 societies, people reliably distinguished friends from strangers with an accuracy of 53-67%. Acoustic analyses of the individual laughter segments revealed that, across cultures, listeners judgments were consistently predicted by voicing dynamics, suggesting perceptual sensitivity to emotionally triggered spontaneous production. Colaughter affords rapid and accurate appraisals of affiliation that transcend cultural and linguistic boundaries, and may constitute a universal means of signaling cooperative relationships.

KW - Cooperation

KW - Cross-cultural

KW - Laughter

KW - Signaling

KW - Vocalization

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U2 - 10.1073/pnas.1524993113

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