This study describes the application of at-line nanofractionation to the screening of snake venoms for antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, the detection of proteins of interest, and their partial or full identification. A method was developed to identify bioactive peptides in crude snake venoms based on reversed-phase liquid chromatography (LC), with parallel nanofractionation onto 384-well plates and mass spectrometry (MS). Bioactivity assays were based on a resazurin-reduction assay. Accurate masses of the bioactive peptides were determined, and peptides were then identified via nanoLC–MS/MS analysis of tryptic digests, allowing full or partial identification of the bioactive proteins. Crude venoms from 41 species were screened for their antibacterial bioactivity. Venoms showing the highest activity were further screened using at-line nanofractionation, which resulted in the elucidation of 28 bioactive proteins.
- Antibacterial activity
- Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry
- Resazurin-reduction assay
- Snake venom