DETERMINANTS OF ACCESS TO SOCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMMES IN INDONESIA: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM THE INDONESIAN FAMILY LIFE SURVEY EAST 2012

J. Priebe, F. Howelland, P.K.P. Pankowska

Research output: Book / ReportReportAcademic

Abstract

In the past 15 years, the Government of Indonesia has implemented a variety of social assistance programmes
intended to improve the lives of the poor and help them escape poverty. Many of these programmes
are now operating at a national scale and cover millions of Indonesians.
Using a new household survey dataset that covers the eastern areas of Indonesia (Indonesian Family
Life Survey East 2012), this paper investigates the household-level determinants of access to social
assistance programmes. The analysis reveals that social assistance programmes are relatively more
available in poorer provinces and that poorer households—all things being equal—are more likely to
access social assistance programmes than nonpoor households, which suggests that social assistance
programmes in eastern Indonesia are successful in their efforts to target the poor (poverty targeting),
both across regions and households. However, poverty targeting still has scope for improvement in
terms of accuracy.
Besides the poverty status (as measured in per capita consumption expenditures), the authors found
that several other factors infl uence programme access. Having a disabled household member or having
a household head who is a widow(er) appears to increase the likelihood of receiving social assistance
programmes. Likewise, the level of trust and confl ict in a community affects access to social assistance
programmes. Particularly in the case of Raskin, we found that the programme is distributed more
widely among those communities that are characterized by higher levels of confl ict and lower levels of
trust. The authors did not fi nd that poor access to infrastructure and remoteness infl uences household
access to social assistance programmes once they controlled for province fi xed effects in the regression
framework. Furthermore, the fi ndings suggest that possession of a local ‘poverty letter’ strongly
improves household access to social assistance programmes, even after controlling for a wide set of
socioeconomic characteristics. In general, determinants of programme access differ signifi cantly among
provinces and between rural and urban areas.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationJakarta, Indonesia
PublisherTNP2K
Commissioning bodyUnknown commissioning body
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Publication series

Name
No.11b-2014

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