Determination of diuron and the antifouling paint biocide Irgarol 1051 in Dutch marinas and coastal waters

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

A sensitive LC-electrospray MS-MS method using off-line solid-phase extraction for the determination of diuron and Irgarol 1051 has been developed, enabling determination of both compounds at sub-ppt levels. Diuron and Irgarol 1051 are used as alternatives for tributyltin in antifouling paints that prevent growth on boats, and an increase in their application is anticipated because of the upcoming ban on tributyltin in 2003. In 2000, a survey was carried out to assess contamination with diuron and Irgarol 1051 of a number of Dutch marinas and coastal waters. Depending on the time of year, both compounds were encountered at levels higher than the maximum permissible concentrations of 430 and 24 ng/l for diuron and Irgarol 1051, respectively. Outside marinas at reference locations, concentrations were much lower, depending on the geographical situation and the nature of the water exchange with the environment related to tidal cycles. A seasonal influence was observed with highest levels in summer, corresponding to the yachting season for both compounds. For diuron, use in agriculture could have contributed to the high concentration encountered in surface waters. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-190
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Volume970
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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Antifouling paint
Diuron
Marinas
Paint
Disinfectants
Water
Ships
Solid Phase Extraction
Boats
Agriculture
Surface waters
Contamination
irgarol 1051
Growth

Cite this

@article{445481fdd248455ab9ac3a3b4c37f968,
title = "Determination of diuron and the antifouling paint biocide Irgarol 1051 in Dutch marinas and coastal waters",
abstract = "A sensitive LC-electrospray MS-MS method using off-line solid-phase extraction for the determination of diuron and Irgarol 1051 has been developed, enabling determination of both compounds at sub-ppt levels. Diuron and Irgarol 1051 are used as alternatives for tributyltin in antifouling paints that prevent growth on boats, and an increase in their application is anticipated because of the upcoming ban on tributyltin in 2003. In 2000, a survey was carried out to assess contamination with diuron and Irgarol 1051 of a number of Dutch marinas and coastal waters. Depending on the time of year, both compounds were encountered at levels higher than the maximum permissible concentrations of 430 and 24 ng/l for diuron and Irgarol 1051, respectively. Outside marinas at reference locations, concentrations were much lower, depending on the geographical situation and the nature of the water exchange with the environment related to tidal cycles. A seasonal influence was observed with highest levels in summer, corresponding to the yachting season for both compounds. For diuron, use in agriculture could have contributed to the high concentration encountered in surface waters. {\circledC} 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.",
author = "M.H. Lamoree and C.P. Swart and {van der Horst}, A. and {van Hattum}, A.G.M.",
year = "2002",
doi = "10.1016/S0021-9673(02)00878-6",
language = "English",
volume = "970",
pages = "183--190",
journal = "Journal of Chromatography A",
issn = "0021-9673",
publisher = "Elsevier",

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Determination of diuron and the antifouling paint biocide Irgarol 1051 in Dutch marinas and coastal waters. / Lamoree, M.H.; Swart, C.P.; van der Horst, A.; van Hattum, A.G.M.

In: Journal of Chromatography A, Vol. 970, 2002, p. 183-190.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Lamoree, M.H.

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AU - van Hattum, A.G.M.

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AB - A sensitive LC-electrospray MS-MS method using off-line solid-phase extraction for the determination of diuron and Irgarol 1051 has been developed, enabling determination of both compounds at sub-ppt levels. Diuron and Irgarol 1051 are used as alternatives for tributyltin in antifouling paints that prevent growth on boats, and an increase in their application is anticipated because of the upcoming ban on tributyltin in 2003. In 2000, a survey was carried out to assess contamination with diuron and Irgarol 1051 of a number of Dutch marinas and coastal waters. Depending on the time of year, both compounds were encountered at levels higher than the maximum permissible concentrations of 430 and 24 ng/l for diuron and Irgarol 1051, respectively. Outside marinas at reference locations, concentrations were much lower, depending on the geographical situation and the nature of the water exchange with the environment related to tidal cycles. A seasonal influence was observed with highest levels in summer, corresponding to the yachting season for both compounds. For diuron, use in agriculture could have contributed to the high concentration encountered in surface waters. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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