Isoflavones, their glucosides and their glucoside malonates were determined in red clover leaf extracts using reversed-phase LC coupled to atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation mass spectrometry (APCI-MS), UV and fluorescence detectors and the stability of the malonates was investigated. Extracts can be stored at least 1-2 weeks at -20°C without loss of malonates. In LC-separated fractions the malonates are most stable when stored at low temperature after evaporation to dryness. The concentrations of eight major isoflavones ranged from 0.04 to 5 mg/g leaves. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.