Determining factors of the effectiveness of IP-based spin-offs: Comparing the Netherlands and the US

Rudi Bekkers*, Victor Gilsing, Marianne van der Steen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In this paper we describe and analyse IP-based spin-offs as a relatively new phenomenon for transferring knowledge from science to industry. We argue that the effectiveness of this mechanism is subject to a complex array of institutional factors. These factors entail national, sectoral, regional and managerial institutions. Based on an indicative comparison between the Netherlands and the United States we find that is especially the combination of national and sectoral institutions that condition whether an IP-based spin-off is established in the first place, whereas regional and managerial institutions condition its subsequent chances of success. We finish by formulating some notions for public policy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)545-566
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Technology Transfer
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Industry-science relationships (ISR)
  • Spin-offs
  • Technology transfer
  • University patenting

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