Developing a processual employability model to provide education for career self-management

Sam Jan Cees Krouwel*, Anna van Luijn, Marjolein B.M. Zweekhorst

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to introduce a practical model for the evaluation and adaptation of educational programmes in order to incorporate employability development focussed on enabling graduates to self-manage their career. Design/methodology/approach: The model integrates several perspectives on and conceptualisations of the nature of employability and its development. The integration of various elements is justified on the basis of existing research and the experience of local educational practitioners. Findings: The model integrates insights from the Graduate Employability Development model (Harvey et al., 2002), the CareerEDGE model (Dacre Pool and Sewell, 2007), the Career Management Employability model (Bridgstock, 2009) and adopts three career competencies as outcome indicators (Akkermans et al., 2013). The resulting model describes in simple terms what educational practitioners may adapt in the process of employability development to enhance the ability of prospective graduates to manage their own careers. Research limitations/implications: The model remains theoretical and the relations it implies require further validation. Involving graduates and students in evaluating the model may contribute to validating its scope and applicability. Practical implications: The model provides a practical tool to retrospectively and prospectively evaluate the institutional provision of employability development education. It may serve as a basis for adaptation to other programmes. Originality/value: By adopting a processual perspective on employability, the model shifts away from the possession of a predefined set of characteristics, and towards enabling students to actively influence their own employability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-128
Number of pages13
JournalEducation and Training
Issue number2
Early online date2 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - 6 Feb 2020


  • Career competency
  • Career management
  • Employability
  • Graduates
  • Modelling
  • The Netherlands


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