Development and use of a quantum dot probe to track multiple yeast strains in mixed culture

F.S. Gustafsson, M.D. Whiteside, V. Jiranek, D.M. Durall

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


    Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains vary in their ability to develop and enhance sensory attributes of alcoholic beverages and are often found growing in mixed strain fermentations; however, quantifying individual strains is challenging due to quantification inaccuracies, low marker longevity, and compromised kinetics. We developed a fluorescent probe, consisting of glutathione molecules conjugated to a quantum dot (QD). Two S. cerevisiae strains were incubated with different coloured probes (QD attached to glutathione molecules, QD-GSH), fermented at multiple ratios, and quantified using confocal microscopy. The QD method was compared with a culture method using microsatellite DNA analysis (MS method). Probes were taken up by an ADP1 encoded transporter, transferred from mother cell to daughter cell, detectable in strains throughout fermentation, and were non-toxic. This resulted in a new quantification method that was more accurate and efficient than the MS method.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number6971
    Number of pages6
    JournalScientific Reports
    Publication statusPublished - 2014


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