Development of a polydimethysiloxane film-based passive dosing method in the in vitro DR-CALUX assay

P. Booij, M.H. Lamoree, P.E.G. Leonards, P.H. Cenijn, H.J.C. Klamer, L.A. van Vliet, J. Akerman, J. Legler

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


In bioassays, exposure concentrations of test compounds are usually expressed as nominal concentrations. As a result of various processes, such as adsorption, degradation, or uptake, the actual freely dissolved concentration of the test compound may differ from the nominal concentration. The goal of the present study was to develop a method to dose passively the freely dissolved fraction of organic chemicals in an in vitro bioassay with adherent cells. To this end, a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film-based method was developed for a reporter gene assay for dioxin-like compounds in a rat liver cell line. Polydimethylsiloxane films loaded with test compounds ensure that the concentration during exposure is in equilibrium and that the ratio between the concentration on the film and the concentration in medium is constant. Benzo[k]fluoranthene (BkF) was used as a model compound to develop the passive dosing method in transwell plates, which was further tested with a complex mixture, i.e., an extract prepared from a contaminated sediment. A higher dioxin-like activity was found when extracts were dosed by passive dosing with PDMS than when directly added to medium. Comparison with analysis of the concentration of BkF in medium shows that passive dosing of individual chemicals may not be necessary if freely dissolved concentrations are known. Use of PDMS for passive dosing of complex samples may represent a more realistic method for exposure in in vitro bioassays. © 2010 SETAC © 2011 SETAC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)898-904
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2011


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