Development of hypertension in obese subjects seen in general practice

J C Bakx, J C Seidell, P. Deurenberg, F.H.J. van den Hoogen

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

A group of 317 overweight men and 565 overweight women was compared with an age-matched normal control group of 444 men and 627 women in order to establish whether hypertension was more often recorded in the obese group. This was done by analysing the continuous morbidity registration of four general practices with a follow-up of up to 17 years. The risk of hypertension was found to be three to four times higher in overweight persons than in those of normal weight, and in women a linear relationship was found between the degree of overweight and the incidence of hypertension. The fat distribution was studied in 292 overweight persons, and fat deposited predominantly in the abdominal region was found to be related to the prevalence of hypertension, particularly in subjects under 50 years of age. Along with the degree of overweight, therefore, the fat distribution might be a useful aid in the early detection of hypertension. Since it is difficult to achieve long-term success in the treatment of overweight, its prevention merits special attention in general practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-8
Number of pages8
JournalFamily Practice
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1987

Fingerprint

General Practice
Hypertension
Fats
Morbidity
Weights and Measures
Control Groups
Incidence
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Adipose Tissue
  • Adult
  • Body Constitution
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Hypertension
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity
  • Risk
  • Sex Factors
  • Social Class
  • Time Factors
  • Comparative Study
  • Journal Article

Cite this

Bakx, J C ; Seidell, J C ; Deurenberg, P. ; van den Hoogen, F.H.J. / Development of hypertension in obese subjects seen in general practice. In: Family Practice. 1987 ; Vol. 4, No. 1. pp. 11-8.
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abstract = "A group of 317 overweight men and 565 overweight women was compared with an age-matched normal control group of 444 men and 627 women in order to establish whether hypertension was more often recorded in the obese group. This was done by analysing the continuous morbidity registration of four general practices with a follow-up of up to 17 years. The risk of hypertension was found to be three to four times higher in overweight persons than in those of normal weight, and in women a linear relationship was found between the degree of overweight and the incidence of hypertension. The fat distribution was studied in 292 overweight persons, and fat deposited predominantly in the abdominal region was found to be related to the prevalence of hypertension, particularly in subjects under 50 years of age. Along with the degree of overweight, therefore, the fat distribution might be a useful aid in the early detection of hypertension. Since it is difficult to achieve long-term success in the treatment of overweight, its prevention merits special attention in general practice.",
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Development of hypertension in obese subjects seen in general practice. / Bakx, J C; Seidell, J C; Deurenberg, P.; van den Hoogen, F.H.J.

In: Family Practice, Vol. 4, No. 1, 03.1987, p. 11-8.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AB - A group of 317 overweight men and 565 overweight women was compared with an age-matched normal control group of 444 men and 627 women in order to establish whether hypertension was more often recorded in the obese group. This was done by analysing the continuous morbidity registration of four general practices with a follow-up of up to 17 years. The risk of hypertension was found to be three to four times higher in overweight persons than in those of normal weight, and in women a linear relationship was found between the degree of overweight and the incidence of hypertension. The fat distribution was studied in 292 overweight persons, and fat deposited predominantly in the abdominal region was found to be related to the prevalence of hypertension, particularly in subjects under 50 years of age. Along with the degree of overweight, therefore, the fat distribution might be a useful aid in the early detection of hypertension. Since it is difficult to achieve long-term success in the treatment of overweight, its prevention merits special attention in general practice.

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