Development of QSARS for the toxicity of chlorobenzenes to the soil dwelling springtail Folsomia candida.

D. Giesen, M.T.O. Jonker, C.A.M. van Gestel

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


    To meet the goals of Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation, and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) as formulated by the European Commission, fast and resource-effective tools are needed to predict the toxicity of compounds in the environment. We developed quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSARs) for the toxicity of nine chlorinated benzenes to the soil-dwelling collembolan Folsomia candida in natural LUFA2.2 (Landwirtschaftliche Untersuchungs und Forschungsanstalt [LUFA]) standard soil and in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development artificial soil. Toxicity endpoints used were the effect concentrations causing 10% (EC10) and 50% (EC50) reduction in the reproduction of the test organism over 28d, while lethal effects on survival (LC50) were used for comparisons with earlier studies. Chlorobenzene toxicity was based on concentrations in interstitial water as estimated using nominal concentrations in soil and literature soil-water partition coefficients. Additionally, for LUFA2.2 soil the estimated concentrations in interstitial water were experimentally determined by solid-phase microextraction measurements. Measured and estimated concentrations showed the same general trend, but significant differences were observed. With the exception of hexachlorobenzene, estimated EC10 and EC50 values were all negatively correlated with their logK
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1136-1142
    JournalEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


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