Differential effects of Atomoxetine on executive functioning and lexical decision in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Reading Disorder

C.G.W. de Jong, S. van de Voorde, H. Roeyers, R. Raymaekers, A.J. Allen, S. Knijff, H. Verhelst, A.H. Temmink, L.M.E. Smit, R. Rodriques-Pereira, D. Vandenberge, I. van Welsen, L. ter Schuren, M. Al-Hakim, A. Amin, L. Vlasveld, J. Oosterlaan, J.A. Sergeant

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

321 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objective: The effects of a promising pharmacological treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), atomoxetine, were studied on executive functions in both ADHD and reading disorder (RD) because earlier research demonstrated an overlap in executive functioning deficits in both disorders. In addition, the effects of atomoxetine were explored on lexical decision. Methods: Sixteen children with ADHD, 20 children with ADHD + RD, 21 children with RD, and 26 normal controls were enrolled in a randomized placebo-controlled crossover study. Children were measured on visuospatial working memory, inhibition, and lexical decision on the day of randomization and following two 28-day medication periods. Results: Children with ADHD + RD showed improved visuospatial working memory performance and, to a lesser extent, improved inhibition following atomoxetine treatment compared to placebo. No differential effects of atomoxetine were found for lexical decision in comparison to placebo. In addition, no effects of atomoxetine were demonstrated in the ADHD and RD groups. Conclusion: Atomoxetine improved visuospatial working memory and to a lesser degree inhibition in children with ADHD + RD, which suggests differential developmental pathways for co-morbid ADHD + RD as compared to ADHD and RD alone. Clinical Trial Registry: B4Z-MC-LYCK, NCT00191906; http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00191906 © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2009.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)699-707
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Differential effects of Atomoxetine on executive functioning and lexical decision in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Reading Disorder'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this