Direct observations of surface water-groundwater interaction using electrical resistivity tomography

Ursula Noell*, Claudia Wießner, Christina Ganz, Martijn Westhoff

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Electrical resistivity tomography is a helpful tool to observe the infiltration process in and through the soil. Array 3-D measurements and 3-D inversion schemes are required for reliable interpretation of heterogeneous subsurface structures. Smoothing of the inversion can be minimized by using adequate regularisation parameters and time corrections are needed to counteract the finite measurement time of the full array. One experiment in sandy soil revealed fast water infiltration and within three days the infiltrated water had percolated to the groundwater at 1.5 m. The quantitative reconstruction was possible because no saline tracer was applied. Therefore, the change in resistivity could uniquely be attributed to water content changes using an Archie function confirmed by the field measurements. For the experiment at a slope, a saline tracer was applied. The experiment aimed at the mapping of possible preferential flow pathways. The first results show slow lateral movement along the steepest gradient.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConceptual and Modelling Studies of Integrated Groundwater, Surface Water, and Ecological Systems
Pages42-47
Number of pages6
Volume345
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventSymposium H01 on Conceptual and Modelling Studies of Integrated Groundwater, Surface Water, and Ecological Systems, Held During the 25th General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, IUGG 2011 - Melbourne, VIC, Australia
Duration: 28 Jun 20117 Jul 2011

Conference

ConferenceSymposium H01 on Conceptual and Modelling Studies of Integrated Groundwater, Surface Water, and Ecological Systems, Held During the 25th General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, IUGG 2011
CountryAustralia
CityMelbourne, VIC
Period28/06/117/07/11

Keywords

  • ERT
  • Flow process monitoring
  • Subsurface storm flow
  • Vadose zone

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