1 Hexobarbitone plasma kinetics were determined in six healthy volunteers, who received 500 mg hexobarbitone orally. In addition urinary excretion rate and cumulative excretion were measured of its three major metabolites: 3'-hydroxyhexobarbitone, 3'-ketohexobarbitone and 1,5-dimethylbarbituric acid. 2 The mean plasma elimination half-life of hexobarbitone was 3.7 +/- 0.9 h (n = 6). Assuming complete absorption, the volume of distribution and the metabolic clearance were 81.3 +/- 20.5 1 and 16.4 +/- 2.9 1/h, respectively. The mean maximal plasma concentration was 7.1 +/- 2.1 micrograms/ml and was reached 1.2 +/- 0.4 h after drug administration. 3 3'-Hydroxyhexobarbitone and 3'-ketohexobarbitone, which are products of allylic side-chain oxidation of hexobarbitone, were excreted in 24 h to the extent of 4.7 +/- 1.3 and 32.1 +/- 11.9% of the dose, respectively. In the same period, 1,5-dimethylbarbituric acid, which is the end product of the epoxide-diol pathway, was excreted to 18.0 +/- 7.8% of the dose. The ratio of the sum of 3'-hydroxy- and 3'-ketohexobarbitone vs 1,5-dimethylbarbituric acid excreted varied with time and amounted ultimately in 24 h urine to 2.3 +/- 1.0. 4 The half-lives of 3'-hydroxyhexobarbitone and 1,5-dimethylbarbituric acid, calculated from their renal excretion rate curves, amounted 5.2 +/- 0.9 and 6.6 +/- 1.3 h and were significantly longer than the half-life of hexobarbitone in plasma. The half-life of 3'-ketohexobarbitone was 4.2 +/- 0.8 h. The maximum excretion rate of 1,5-dimethylbarbituric acid was reached at 7.7 +/- 1.0 h after administration of hexobarbitone. 3'-Hydroxy- and 3'-ketohexobarbitone were excreted with a maximal rate at 2.2 +/- 0.8 and 2.8 +/- 0.4 h respectively.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1983|
- Administration, Oral
- Metabolic Clearance Rate
- Journal Article