Dissolved organic carbon loss from Yedoma permafrost amplified by ice wedge thaw

J. E. Vonk, Paul J. Mann, K. L. Dowdy, Anna Davydova, S. P. Davydov, Nikita Zimov, Robert G M Spencer, E. B. Bulygina, Timothy I. Eglinton, R. Max Holmes

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Pleistocene Yedoma permafrost contains nearly a third of all organic matter (OM) stored in circum-arctic permafrost and is characterized by the presence of massive ice wedges. Due to its rapid formation by sediment accumulation and subsequent frozen storage, Yedoma OM is relatively well preserved and highly biologically available (biolabile) upon thaw. A better understanding of the processes regulating Yedoma degradation is important to improve estimates of the response and magnitude of permafrost carbon feedbacks to climate warming. In this study, we examine the composition of ice wedges and the influence of ice wedge thaw on the biolability of Yedoma OM. Incubation assays were used to assess OM biolability, fluorescence spectroscopy to characterize the OM composition, and potential enzyme activity rates to examine the controls and regulation of OM degradation. We show that increasing amounts of ice wedge melt water in Yedoma-leached incubations enhanced the loss of dissolved OM over time. This may be attributed to the presence of low-molecular weight compounds and low initial phenolic content in the OM of ice wedges, providing a readily available substrate that promotes the degradation of Yedoma OC. The physical vulnerability of ice wedges upon thaw (causing irreversible collapse), combined with the composition of ice wedge-engrained OM (co-metabolizing old OM), underlines the particularly strong potential of Yedoma to generate a positive feedback to climate warming relative to other forms of non-ice wedge permafrost.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035023
JournalEnvironmental Research Letters
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Permafrost
Ice
Organic carbon
permafrost
Biological materials
dissolved organic carbon
Carbon
ice
organic matter
Climate
degradation
Degradation
warming
incubation
Fluorescence Spectrometry
Chemical analysis
loss
Feedback
fluorescence spectroscopy
climate

Keywords

  • biodegradable dissolved organic matter
  • enzymes
  • fluorescence
  • ice wedges
  • permafrost
  • Yedoma

Cite this

Vonk, J. E., Mann, P. J., Dowdy, K. L., Davydova, A., Davydov, S. P., Zimov, N., ... Holmes, R. M. (2013). Dissolved organic carbon loss from Yedoma permafrost amplified by ice wedge thaw. Environmental Research Letters, 8(3), [035023]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/035023
Vonk, J. E. ; Mann, Paul J. ; Dowdy, K. L. ; Davydova, Anna ; Davydov, S. P. ; Zimov, Nikita ; Spencer, Robert G M ; Bulygina, E. B. ; Eglinton, Timothy I. ; Holmes, R. Max. / Dissolved organic carbon loss from Yedoma permafrost amplified by ice wedge thaw. In: Environmental Research Letters. 2013 ; Vol. 8, No. 3.
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Vonk, JE, Mann, PJ, Dowdy, KL, Davydova, A, Davydov, SP, Zimov, N, Spencer, RGM, Bulygina, EB, Eglinton, TI & Holmes, RM 2013, 'Dissolved organic carbon loss from Yedoma permafrost amplified by ice wedge thaw' Environmental Research Letters, vol. 8, no. 3, 035023. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/035023

Dissolved organic carbon loss from Yedoma permafrost amplified by ice wedge thaw. / Vonk, J. E.; Mann, Paul J.; Dowdy, K. L.; Davydova, Anna; Davydov, S. P.; Zimov, Nikita; Spencer, Robert G M; Bulygina, E. B.; Eglinton, Timothy I.; Holmes, R. Max.

In: Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 8, No. 3, 035023, 2013.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Dissolved organic carbon loss from Yedoma permafrost amplified by ice wedge thaw

AU - Vonk, J. E.

AU - Mann, Paul J.

AU - Dowdy, K. L.

AU - Davydova, Anna

AU - Davydov, S. P.

AU - Zimov, Nikita

AU - Spencer, Robert G M

AU - Bulygina, E. B.

AU - Eglinton, Timothy I.

AU - Holmes, R. Max

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Pleistocene Yedoma permafrost contains nearly a third of all organic matter (OM) stored in circum-arctic permafrost and is characterized by the presence of massive ice wedges. Due to its rapid formation by sediment accumulation and subsequent frozen storage, Yedoma OM is relatively well preserved and highly biologically available (biolabile) upon thaw. A better understanding of the processes regulating Yedoma degradation is important to improve estimates of the response and magnitude of permafrost carbon feedbacks to climate warming. In this study, we examine the composition of ice wedges and the influence of ice wedge thaw on the biolability of Yedoma OM. Incubation assays were used to assess OM biolability, fluorescence spectroscopy to characterize the OM composition, and potential enzyme activity rates to examine the controls and regulation of OM degradation. We show that increasing amounts of ice wedge melt water in Yedoma-leached incubations enhanced the loss of dissolved OM over time. This may be attributed to the presence of low-molecular weight compounds and low initial phenolic content in the OM of ice wedges, providing a readily available substrate that promotes the degradation of Yedoma OC. The physical vulnerability of ice wedges upon thaw (causing irreversible collapse), combined with the composition of ice wedge-engrained OM (co-metabolizing old OM), underlines the particularly strong potential of Yedoma to generate a positive feedback to climate warming relative to other forms of non-ice wedge permafrost.

AB - Pleistocene Yedoma permafrost contains nearly a third of all organic matter (OM) stored in circum-arctic permafrost and is characterized by the presence of massive ice wedges. Due to its rapid formation by sediment accumulation and subsequent frozen storage, Yedoma OM is relatively well preserved and highly biologically available (biolabile) upon thaw. A better understanding of the processes regulating Yedoma degradation is important to improve estimates of the response and magnitude of permafrost carbon feedbacks to climate warming. In this study, we examine the composition of ice wedges and the influence of ice wedge thaw on the biolability of Yedoma OM. Incubation assays were used to assess OM biolability, fluorescence spectroscopy to characterize the OM composition, and potential enzyme activity rates to examine the controls and regulation of OM degradation. We show that increasing amounts of ice wedge melt water in Yedoma-leached incubations enhanced the loss of dissolved OM over time. This may be attributed to the presence of low-molecular weight compounds and low initial phenolic content in the OM of ice wedges, providing a readily available substrate that promotes the degradation of Yedoma OC. The physical vulnerability of ice wedges upon thaw (causing irreversible collapse), combined with the composition of ice wedge-engrained OM (co-metabolizing old OM), underlines the particularly strong potential of Yedoma to generate a positive feedback to climate warming relative to other forms of non-ice wedge permafrost.

KW - biodegradable dissolved organic matter

KW - enzymes

KW - fluorescence

KW - ice wedges

KW - permafrost

KW - Yedoma

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