The role of PI(3,4,5)P3 in Dictyostelium signal transduction and chemotaxis was investigated using the PI3-kinase inhibitor LY294002 and pi3k-null cells. The increase of PI(3,4,5)P3 levels after stimulation with the chemoattractant cAMP was blocked >95% by 60 μM LY294002 with half-maximal effect at 5 μM. This correlated well with the inhibition of the membrane translocation of the PH-domain protein, PHcracGFP. LY294002 did not reduce cAMP-mediated cGMP production, but significantly reduced the cAMP response up to 75% in wild type and completely in pi3k-null cells. LY294002-treated cells were round, not elongated as control cells. Interestingly, cAMP induced a time and dose-dependent recovery of cell elongation. These elongated LY294002-treated wild-type and pi3k-null cells exhibited chemotactic orientation toward cAMP that is statistically identical to chemotactic orientation of control cells. In control cells, PHcrac-GFP and F-actin colocalize upon cAMP stimulation. However, inhibition of PI3-kinases does not affect the first phase of the actin polymerization at a wide range of chemoattractant concentrations. Our data show that severe inhibition of cAMP-mediated PI(3,4,5)P3 accumulation leads to inhibition of cAMP relay, cell elongation and cell aggregation, but has no detectable effect on chemotactic orientation, provided that cAMP had sufficient time to induce cell elongation.