Do sports stadiums generate crime on days without matches? A natural experiment on the delayed exploitation of criminal opportunities

Christophe Vandeviver, Wim Bernasco, Stijn Van Daele

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Crime pattern theory claims that busy places generate crime through immediate and delayed exploitation. In delayed exploitation, offenders notice criminal opportunities during opening hours but return to exploit them later. This study investigates delayed exploitation by testing whether soccer stadiums locally increase police-recorded property crime on non-game days. A soccer stadium closure created a natural experiment. We estimate linear regression difference-in-difference models to compare crime rates on non-game days around the stadium, before and after the closure. The closure reduced non-game day property crime beyond the citywide property crime drop. We conclude that criminogenic effects of busy places extend beyond their opening hours, confirming the delayed exploitation mechanism and that crime-prevention strategies should also target these places outside opening hours.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1-19
Number of pages19
JournalSecurity Journal
Volume32
Issue number1
Early online date15 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Crime pattern theory
  • Crime generators
  • Property crime
  • Crime hot spot
  • Soccer stadium

Cite this

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Do sports stadiums generate crime on days without matches? A natural experiment on the delayed exploitation of criminal opportunities. / Vandeviver, Christophe; Bernasco, Wim; Van Daele, Stijn.

In: Security Journal, Vol. 32, No. 1, 03.2019, p. 1-19.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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