Do welfare and labour market institutions influence unemployment duration of immigrants? Evidence from 11 European countries

A. Meyer Christensen, D. Pavlopoulos

Research output: Working paperAcademic

Abstract

This paper investigates the effect of institutions on the unemployment gap between immigrants and natives in 11 EU-countries. We study whether benefits provide disincentive effects as the job-search theory suggests or rather efficiency gains as alternative theories propose. Further than the existing literature, we study unemployment duration instead of unemployment incidence, we distinguish
between exits to inactivity, primary and secondary employment and we use individual-level measures for unemployment benefits. We apply a competing-risk event-history model using the ECHP. Our results favour the efficiency-gains argument for granting immigrants benefits as we find that benefits reduce unemployment duration and prevent transitions into inactivity. Employment perspectives of immigrants are better when demand for low-skilled labour is high, employment protection is low and immigration policy is labour-market oriented.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationLuxembourg
PublisherCEPS/INSTEAD
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Publication series

NameCEPS/INSTEAD working papers
No.2010-04

Fingerprint

Labor market institutions
European countries
Immigrants
Duration of unemployment
Unemployment duration
Efficiency gains
Job search
European Community Household Panel
Exit
Unemployment benefits
Employment protection
Labour market
Competing risks
Immigration policy
Skilled labor
EU countries
Unemployment
Search theory
Event history

Cite this

Meyer Christensen, A., & Pavlopoulos, D. (2010). Do welfare and labour market institutions influence unemployment duration of immigrants? Evidence from 11 European countries. (CEPS/INSTEAD working papers; No. 2010-04). Luxembourg: CEPS/INSTEAD.
Meyer Christensen, A. ; Pavlopoulos, D. / Do welfare and labour market institutions influence unemployment duration of immigrants? Evidence from 11 European countries. Luxembourg : CEPS/INSTEAD, 2010. (CEPS/INSTEAD working papers; 2010-04).
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Meyer Christensen, A & Pavlopoulos, D 2010 'Do welfare and labour market institutions influence unemployment duration of immigrants? Evidence from 11 European countries' CEPS/INSTEAD working papers, no. 2010-04, CEPS/INSTEAD, Luxembourg.

Do welfare and labour market institutions influence unemployment duration of immigrants? Evidence from 11 European countries. / Meyer Christensen, A.; Pavlopoulos, D.

Luxembourg : CEPS/INSTEAD, 2010. (CEPS/INSTEAD working papers; No. 2010-04).

Research output: Working paperAcademic

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AB - This paper investigates the effect of institutions on the unemployment gap between immigrants and natives in 11 EU-countries. We study whether benefits provide disincentive effects as the job-search theory suggests or rather efficiency gains as alternative theories propose. Further than the existing literature, we study unemployment duration instead of unemployment incidence, we distinguish between exits to inactivity, primary and secondary employment and we use individual-level measures for unemployment benefits. We apply a competing-risk event-history model using the ECHP. Our results favour the efficiency-gains argument for granting immigrants benefits as we find that benefits reduce unemployment duration and prevent transitions into inactivity. Employment perspectives of immigrants are better when demand for low-skilled labour is high, employment protection is low and immigration policy is labour-market oriented.

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Meyer Christensen A, Pavlopoulos D. Do welfare and labour market institutions influence unemployment duration of immigrants? Evidence from 11 European countries. Luxembourg: CEPS/INSTEAD. 2010. (CEPS/INSTEAD working papers; 2010-04).