Does banking competition alleviate or worsen credit constraints faced by small- and medium-sized enterprises? Evidence from China

Terence Tai Leung Chong, Liping Lu, Steven Ongena

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

•We examine the effect of banking competition on SMEs' credit constraints in China.•Lower banking market concentration alleviates financing constraints of SMEs.•The joint-stock banks have a larger effect than the city commercial banks.•The joint-stock banks have a larger effect than the state-owned banks.•The effect is through prices rather than the offering of relationship lending. Banking competition may enhance or hinder the financing of small and medium-sized enterprises. Using a survey on the financing of such enterprises in China, combined with detailed bank branch information, we investigate how concentration in local banking market affects the availability of credit. We find that lower market concentration alleviates financing constraints. The widespread presence of joint-stock banks has a larger effect on alleviating these constraints, than the presence of city commercial banks, while the presence of state-owned banks has a smaller effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3412-3424
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Banking and Finance
Volume37
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2013

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China
Credit constraints
Banking competition
Small and medium-sized enterprises
State-owned banks
Commercial banks
Banking
Financing constraints
Market concentration
Financing
Relationship lending
Bank branches
Credit

Keywords

  • Banking competition
  • Credit constraints
  • SME financing

Cite this

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Does banking competition alleviate or worsen credit constraints faced by small- and medium-sized enterprises? Evidence from China. / Chong, Terence Tai Leung; Lu, Liping; Ongena, Steven.

In: Journal of Banking and Finance, Vol. 37, No. 9, 01.09.2013, p. 3412-3424.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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