Does nutrition play a role in the prevention and management of sarcopenia?

the ESCEO working group

Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

There is a growing body of evidence that links nutrition to muscle mass, strength and function in older adults, suggesting that it has an important role to play both in the prevention and management of sarcopenia. This review summarises the discussions of a working group [ESCEO working group meeting 8th September 2016] that met to review current evidence and to consider its implications for preventive and treatment strategies. The review points to the importance of ‘healthier’ dietary patterns that are adequate in quality in older age, to ensure sufficient intakes of protein, vitamin D, antioxidant nutrients and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. In particular, there is substantial evidence to support the roles of dietary protein and physical activity as key anabolic stimuli for muscle protein synthesis. However, much of the evidence is observational and from high-income countries. Further high-quality trials, particularly from more diverse populations, are needed to enable an understanding of dose and duration effects of individual nutrients on function, to elucidate mechanistic links, and to define optimal profiles and patterns of nutrient intake for older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1121-1132
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Nutrition
Volume37
Issue number4
Early online date24 Aug 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018

Fingerprint

Sarcopenia
Food
Group Processes
Dietary Proteins
Muscle Proteins
Muscle Strength
Unsaturated Fatty Acids
Vitamin D
Antioxidants
Population
Proteins

Keywords

  • Muscle mass
  • Muscle strength
  • Nutrition
  • Physical performance
  • Sarcopenia
  • Supplementation

Cite this

the ESCEO working group. / Does nutrition play a role in the prevention and management of sarcopenia?. In: Clinical Nutrition. 2018 ; Vol. 37, No. 4. pp. 1121-1132.
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abstract = "There is a growing body of evidence that links nutrition to muscle mass, strength and function in older adults, suggesting that it has an important role to play both in the prevention and management of sarcopenia. This review summarises the discussions of a working group [ESCEO working group meeting 8th September 2016] that met to review current evidence and to consider its implications for preventive and treatment strategies. The review points to the importance of ‘healthier’ dietary patterns that are adequate in quality in older age, to ensure sufficient intakes of protein, vitamin D, antioxidant nutrients and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. In particular, there is substantial evidence to support the roles of dietary protein and physical activity as key anabolic stimuli for muscle protein synthesis. However, much of the evidence is observational and from high-income countries. Further high-quality trials, particularly from more diverse populations, are needed to enable an understanding of dose and duration effects of individual nutrients on function, to elucidate mechanistic links, and to define optimal profiles and patterns of nutrient intake for older adults.",
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Does nutrition play a role in the prevention and management of sarcopenia? / the ESCEO working group.

In: Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 37, No. 4, 08.2018, p. 1121-1132.

Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Robinson, S. M.

AU - Reginster, J. Y.

AU - Rizzoli, R.

AU - Shaw, S. C.

AU - Kanis, J. A.

AU - Bautmans, I.

AU - Bischoff-Ferrari, H.

AU - Bruyère, O.

AU - Cesari, M.

AU - Dawson-Hughes, B.

AU - Fielding, R. A.

AU - Kaufman, J. M.

AU - Landi, F.

AU - Malafarina, V.

AU - Rolland, Y.

AU - van Loon, L. J.

AU - Vellas, B.

AU - Visser, M.

AU - Cooper, C.

AU - Al-Daghri, N.

AU - Allepaerts, S.

AU - Bauer, J.

AU - Brandi, M. L.

AU - Cederholm, T.

AU - Cherubini, A.

AU - Cruz Jentoft, A.

AU - Laviano, A.

AU - Maggi, S.

AU - McCloskey, E. V.

AU - Petermans, J.

AU - Roubenoff, R.

AU - Rueda, R.

AU - the ESCEO working group

N1 - Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

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N2 - There is a growing body of evidence that links nutrition to muscle mass, strength and function in older adults, suggesting that it has an important role to play both in the prevention and management of sarcopenia. This review summarises the discussions of a working group [ESCEO working group meeting 8th September 2016] that met to review current evidence and to consider its implications for preventive and treatment strategies. The review points to the importance of ‘healthier’ dietary patterns that are adequate in quality in older age, to ensure sufficient intakes of protein, vitamin D, antioxidant nutrients and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. In particular, there is substantial evidence to support the roles of dietary protein and physical activity as key anabolic stimuli for muscle protein synthesis. However, much of the evidence is observational and from high-income countries. Further high-quality trials, particularly from more diverse populations, are needed to enable an understanding of dose and duration effects of individual nutrients on function, to elucidate mechanistic links, and to define optimal profiles and patterns of nutrient intake for older adults.

AB - There is a growing body of evidence that links nutrition to muscle mass, strength and function in older adults, suggesting that it has an important role to play both in the prevention and management of sarcopenia. This review summarises the discussions of a working group [ESCEO working group meeting 8th September 2016] that met to review current evidence and to consider its implications for preventive and treatment strategies. The review points to the importance of ‘healthier’ dietary patterns that are adequate in quality in older age, to ensure sufficient intakes of protein, vitamin D, antioxidant nutrients and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. In particular, there is substantial evidence to support the roles of dietary protein and physical activity as key anabolic stimuli for muscle protein synthesis. However, much of the evidence is observational and from high-income countries. Further high-quality trials, particularly from more diverse populations, are needed to enable an understanding of dose and duration effects of individual nutrients on function, to elucidate mechanistic links, and to define optimal profiles and patterns of nutrient intake for older adults.

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KW - Muscle strength

KW - Nutrition

KW - Physical performance

KW - Sarcopenia

KW - Supplementation

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