Does physical appearance perfectionism predict disordered dieting?

Diana Czepiel, Hendricus M. Koopman

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Despite that disordered eating has been repeatedly associated with perfectionism, the results are inconsistent as to which exact dimensions of perfectionism it is related to. Moreover, the increasing evidence that perfectionism is best conceptualized as a domain-specific, as opposed to a global, trait contribute to the lack of clarity. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine which dimensions of global and physical appearance perfectionism statistically predict disordered dieting in a non-clinical adult female sample. In total 437 participants completed the Short Almost Perfect Scale, which distinguishes between adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism, the Physical Appearance Perfectionism Scale, which distinguishes between hope for perfection and worry about imperfection, and the Dieting subscale of the Eating Attitudes Test-26. A hierarchical regression analysis revealed that only maladaptive, as opposed to adaptive, global perfectionism statistically predicted disordered dieting. Furthermore, both dimensions of physical appearance perfectionism statistically predicted disordered dieting, although worry about imperfection, its maladaptive dimension, was the strongest statistical predictor. The present results demonstrate that worry about imperfection is an effective statistical predictor of disordered dieting among women, possibly serving as a starting point for further research investigating the utility of its incorporation in prevention and treatment protocols for disordered eating.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-34
JournalCurrent Psychology
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Global perfectionism
  • Domain-specific perfectionism
  • Physical appearance perfectionism
  • Disordered eating
  • Dieting

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