Does the Canadian economy suffer from Dutch disease?

M. Beine, C.S. Bos, S. Coulombe

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

We argue that the failure to disentangle the evolution of the Canadian currency from the U.S. currency leads to potentially incorrect conclusions regarding the case of Dutch disease in Canada. We propose a new approach that is aimed at extracting both currency components and energy- and commodity-price components from observed exchange rates and prices. We first analyze the separate influence of commodity prices on the Canadian and the U.S. currency components. We then estimate the separate impact of the two currency components on the shares of manufacturing employment in Canada. We show that between 33 and 39 per cent of the manufacturing employment loss that was due to exchange rate developments between 2002 and 2007 is related to the Dutch disease phenomenon. The remaining proportion of the employment loss can be ascribed to the weakness of the U.S. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-492
JournalResource and Energy Economics
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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Dutch disease
Currency
Canada
Manufacturing
Exchange rates
Commodity prices
Proportion
Energy prices

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Beine, M. ; Bos, C.S. ; Coulombe, S. / Does the Canadian economy suffer from Dutch disease?. In: Resource and Energy Economics. 2012 ; Vol. 34, No. 4. pp. 468-492.
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Does the Canadian economy suffer from Dutch disease? / Beine, M.; Bos, C.S.; Coulombe, S.

In: Resource and Energy Economics, Vol. 34, No. 4, 2012, p. 468-492.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AB - We argue that the failure to disentangle the evolution of the Canadian currency from the U.S. currency leads to potentially incorrect conclusions regarding the case of Dutch disease in Canada. We propose a new approach that is aimed at extracting both currency components and energy- and commodity-price components from observed exchange rates and prices. We first analyze the separate influence of commodity prices on the Canadian and the U.S. currency components. We then estimate the separate impact of the two currency components on the shares of manufacturing employment in Canada. We show that between 33 and 39 per cent of the manufacturing employment loss that was due to exchange rate developments between 2002 and 2007 is related to the Dutch disease phenomenon. The remaining proportion of the employment loss can be ascribed to the weakness of the U.S. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

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