Dort Outwitted by the Remonstrants: Kohlbrugge’s Evaluation of the Canons of Dort

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The Canons of Dort had not only defenders, moderate accepters, and offenders, but also critical accepters. One of these was Herman Friedrich Kohlbrugge (1803-1875). In the first part of this article this agreement with the doctrine of Dort is investigated. It appears that he accepted the reformed tradition, including the doctrine of predestination, and disagreed with the Arminian interpretation of grace. In the second part of this article, Kohlbrugge's criticism of Dort is highlighted and placed in context; an analysis which leads one to a deeper understanding of the way in which Kohlbrugge accepted the theological and spiritual content of Dort. The article concludes that Kohlbrugge remained faithful to the Canons of Dort throughout his life, that he understood the Canons to be an interpretative explanation of the Belgic Confession and the Heidelberg Catechism, and that he interpreted the Canons of Dort in a dynamic Christ-centred way.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-247
Number of pages20
JournalChurch History and Religious Culture
Issue number2
Early online date12 Aug 2019
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019


  • Arminian
  • Canones of Dort
  • election
  • extra nos
  • Further Reformation
  • Kohlbrugge
  • Reformed


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