Drop jumping. I. The influence of jumping technique on the biomechanics of jumping

M F Bobbert, P A Huijing, G J van Ingen Schenau

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


In the literature, drop jumping is advocated as an effective exercise for athletes who prepare themselves for explosive activities. When executing drop jumps, different jumping techniques can be used. In this study, the influence of jumping technique on the biomechanics of jumping is investigated. Ten subjects executed drop jumps from a height of 20 cm and counter-movement jumps. For the execution of the drop jumps, two different techniques were adopted. The first technique, referred to as bounce drop jump, required the subjects to reverse the downward velocity into an upward one as soon as possible after landing. The second technique, referred to as counter-movement drop jump, required them to do this more gradually by making a larger downward movement. During jumping, the subjects were filmed, ground reaction forces were registered, and electromyograms were recorded. The results of a biomechanical analysis show that moments and power output about knee and ankle joints reach larger values during the drop jumps than during counter-movement jumps. The largest values were attained during bounce drop jumps. Based on this finding, it was hypothesized that bounce drop jump is better suited than counter-movement drop jump for athletes who seek to improve the mechanical output of knee extensors and plantar flexors. Researchers are, therefore, advised to control jumping technique when investigating training effects of executing drop jumps.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)332-8
Number of pages7
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1987


  • Adult
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Electromyography
  • Humans
  • Joints
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Movement
  • Muscles
  • Physical Education and Training
  • Posture
  • Sports
  • Comparative Study
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


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