DSM-IV combined type ADHD shows familial association with sibling trait scores: A sampling strategy for QTL linkage

W. Chen, K. Zhou, P. Sham, B. Franke, J. Kuntsi, D. Campbell, K. Fleischman, J. Knight, P. Andreou, R. Arnold, M. Altink, F.C. Boer, M.J. Boholst, C.J.M. Buschgens, L. Butler, H. Christiansen, E. Fliers, R. Howe-Forbes, I. Gabriëls, A. HeiseI Korn-Lubetzki, R. Marco, S. Medad, R. Minderaa, U. Müller, A. Mulligan, L. Psychogiou, N.N.J. Rommelse, V. Sethna, H. Uebel, P. McGuffin, R. Plomin, T. Banaschewski, J. Buitelaar, R. Ebstein, J. Eisenberg, M. Gill, I. Manor, A. Miranda, F. Mulas, R.D. Oades, H. Roeyers, A. Rothenberger, J.A. Sergeant, E.J.S. Sonuga-Barke, H.C. Steinhausen, E. Taylor, M. Thompson, S.V. Faraone, P. Asherson

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Abstract

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a discrete clinical syndrome characterized by the triad of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity in the context of marked impairments. Molecular genetic studies have been successful in identifying genetic variants associated with ADHD, particularly with DSM-IV inattentive and combined subtypes. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) approaches to linkage and association mapping have yet to be widely used in ADHD research, although twin studies investigating individual differences suggest that genetic liability for ADHD is continuously distributedthroughout the population, underscoring the applicability of quantitative dimensional approaches. To investigate the appropriateness of QTL approaches, we tested the familial association between 894 probands with a research diagnosis of DSM-IV ADHD combined type and continuous trait measures among 1,135 of their siblings unselected for phenotype. The sibling recurrence rate for ADHD combined subtype was 12.7%, yielding a sibling recurrence risk ratio (λ
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1450-1460
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Volume147B
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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