HBS: van modern instituut tot fossiel in 100 jaar

Translated title of the contribution: Dutch secondary education: from "new education" to "old school" within 100 years

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleProfessional


In the history of Dutch education, 1968 is a landmark for several reasons. The introduction of a democratic, or, as some prefer, meritocratic school system, no longer upholding the social classes, and the disappearance of the HBS are among them. This history has been described from a political, socioeconomic and from a pedagogical point of view. This paper discusses the same shift as a cultural history. Changing perspectives in the role of the HBS in the Netherlands, 1900–1968 are discussed from two points of view. The first point of view is that of pupils and their parents; the second point of view is that of the teachers. It is shown that according to these two groups, the HBS, certainly in its original form and intention, was decaying during the interwar years, and had already disappeared in the 1950s. For most of them the reforms in 1968 ‘only’ casted into law what had already grown to be classroom practice – for some the new law didn’t even achieve that.
Translated title of the contributionDutch secondary education: from "new education" to "old school" within 100 years
Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)149-159
JournalStudium : tijdschrift voor wetenschaps- en universiteitsgeschiedenis = Revue d'histoire des sciences et des universités
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Education
  • HBS
  • 1920s
  • 1930s
  • 1940s
  • 1950s


Dive into the research topics of 'Dutch secondary education: from "new education" to "old school" within 100 years'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this