Dutch tolerance of torture? CIA extraordinary rendition flights in the Netherlands

Sharise Eski, Yarin Eski

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This article explores the (passive) role of the Dutch government in the CIA extraordinary rendition flights (ERFs), also known as “torture flights”. It shows why researching ERFs, as a crime of the powerful, is inherently problematic. Afterward, a concise overview follows of European involvement in ERFs and reluctance to investigate them. The article then considers the (known) facts and legal responsibility of the Netherlands regarding the ERFs, concluding with a discussion of the Dutch political discourse of denial of ERF involvement. The main argument is that the discourse of ERF denial fits and reflects the colonial present in which the Dutch government resides, concealing its darkest pages in history while hiding behind its contemporary (political) culture of tolerance and progressiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17084
JournalPalgrave Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 2017
Externally publishedYes


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