Economic Growth and Emissions: Reconsidering the Empirical Basis of Environmental Kuznets Curves

S.M. de Bruyn, J.C.J.M. van den Bergh, J.B. Opschoor

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademic

Abstract

Recent empirical research indicates that certain types of emissions follow an inverted-U or environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) as income grows. This regularity has been interpreted as a possible de-linking of economic growth and patterns of certain pollutants for developed economies. In this paper the empirical basis of this result is investigated by considering some statistical particularities of the various EKC studies performed. It is argued that the inverted-U relationship between income and emissions estimated from panel data need not hold for specific individual countries over time. Based on insights from 'intensity-of-use' analysis in resource economics, an alternative growth model is specified and estimated for three types of emissions (CO
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-175
Number of pages14
JournalEcological Economics
Volume25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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