Effect of different spiking procedures on the distribution and toxicity of ZnO nanoparticles in soil.

P.L. Waalewijn-Kool, M. Diez Ortiz, C.A.M. van Gestel

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Due to the difficulty in dispersing some engineered nanomaterials in exposure media, realizing homogeneous distributions of nanoparticles (NP) in soil may pose major challenges. The present study investigated the distribution of zinc oxide (ZnO) NP (30 nm) and non-nano ZnO (200 nm) in natural soil using two different spiking procedures, i.e. as dry powder and as suspension in soil extract. Both spiking procedures showed a good recovery ([85 %) of zinc and based on total zinc concentrations no difference was found between the two spiking methods. Both spiking procedures resulted in a fairly homogeneous distribution of the ZnO particles in soil, as evidenced by the low variation in total zinc concentration between replicate samples (<12 % in most cases). Survival of Folsomia candida in soil spiked at concentrations up to 6,400 mg Zn kg
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1797-1804
JournalEcotoxicology
Volume21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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