Objective: To study the effect of guava and synthetic vitamin C on the development of gingival inflammation during experimental gingivitis. Material and methods: Participants were randomly assigned to three groups supplemented daily with either 200 g guava, 200 mg synthetic vitamin C or water. The study included a 14 days pre-experimental period with oral hygiene instructions, scaling, prophylaxis and supplementation. Thereafter, experiment gingivitis was initiated, while continuing supplementation. At baseline, Day 7 and Day 14 of experimental gingivitis, Plaque Index (PlI) and Gingival Index (GI) were assessed. During the entire study, dietary fruit/vegetables intake was minimal. Results: PlI increased in guava, vitamin C and control group (ΔPlI: 1.30, 1.61 and 1.79, respectively). However, the guava group developed significantly less plaque compared to the control group. The GI increase in both guava and vitamin C group was significantly less than the increase in the control group (ΔGI: 0.10, 0.24 and 0.87, respectively). Conclusion: In a population of young nonsmoking adults, consumption of either 200 g guava/day or 200 mg synthetic vitamin C/day, prior to and during the oral hygiene abstention period, has a preventive effect on the development of experimental gingivitis as compared to the control group that developed the usual amount of experimental gingivitis.